SAVITSKY Alexander Ivanovich (1887 — 1973) — the Soviet surgeon-oncologist and the organizer of oncological service, one of founders of the Soviet school of oncologists, the academician of AMH (1960), Hera of Socialist Work (1967), zasl. scientist (1967). Member of the CPSU.
Having ended in 1911 medical f-t Moscow un-that, worked in faculty surgical clinic under the leadership of I. K. Spizharny and H. N. Burdenko. In the years of civil war headed public health service of the Moscow Military District. For 10 years was the closest pupil and the active assistant to P. A. Herzen. In 1938 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «Ezofagoskopiya and Her Role in Clinic of Diseases of a Gullet». From 1939 to 1944 the department chair of surgery Moscow dental in-that, at the same time (in 1942 — 1943) professor of department of hospital surgery of the 1st MMI. From 1944 to 1953 there was the director Onkologicheskogo in-that of P. A. Herzen, and from 1944 to 1968 a department chair of oncology of TsIU.
A. I. Savitsky published more than 80 scientific works, including 3 monographs. For the monograph «Cancer of a Lung» (1957) it is conferred an award of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences of S. I. Spasokukotsky. Long-term experience of the scientist and teacher is generalized by it in the book «Chosen Lectures on Clinical Oncology» (1972). The main direction of scientific research of A. I. Savitsky was development of diagnostic methods and treatment of malignant new growths. It one of the first in the country executed a single-step transabdominal resection of a cardial part of a stomach; applied a technique of the forced expansion of a cardial part of a stomach according to Stark at a cardiospasm.
A. I. Savitsky developed and implemented methods of the combined treatment of malignant tumors (a mammary gland, a lung, an upper jaw, language, etc.).
It offered and proved kliniko-anatomic classification of cancer of lung.
Under the leadership of A. I. Savitsky more than 20 theses, are executed from them 6 doctor's. He made the report on the organization of campaign against cancer in the USSR on the VI International anticarcinogenic congress in Brazil (1954). At the initiative of A. I. Savitsky it is organized (in 1955). All-Union scientific and medical about-in oncologists, the chairman to-rogo it was for many years, at the same time he was also a chairman Ob-va of oncologists of Moscow and the Moscow region, the member of the Academic council of M3 of the USSR, the board member Vsesoyuznogo about-va surgeons; editor of red-department «Surgery» of the 2nd prod. BME.
«the sign of Honour» and medals is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, the Labour Red Banner.
Works: Early diagnosis of cancer of gullet and cardial area, Works of the 23rd All - the union. congress hir., page 109, M. — L., 1938; The Clinical ezofagoskopiya, M. — JI., 1940; Early diagnosis of cancer, M., 1948 (bus of a number of hl. and edition); Cancer of a lung, M., 1957; Tumours of a lung, Mnogotomn. the management on hir., under the editorship of B. V. Petrovsky, t. 5, page 635, M., 1960; Chosen lectures on clinical oncology, M., 1972.
Bibliography: Professor A. I. Savitsky (To the 80 anniversary since birth), Vopr. onkol., t. 14, No. 8, page 123, 1967.
G. V. Falileev.