BRAYTSEV Vasily Romanovich (1878 — 1964) — the Soviet surgeon, the academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1945), the honored worker of science of RSFSR (1946). In 1906 ended medical f-t Moscow un-that. Worked for P. I. Dyakonov and A. V. Martynov. In 1910 protected dokt, the thesis on the subject «Cancer of a Rectum and Its Operational Treatment». In 1911 — 1920 — the assistant and the privatdozent of hospital surgical clinic Moscow un-t of ampere-second of 1919 — the department chair of operational surgery, and since 1920 — the department chair of faculty surgery of the Higher medical school in Moscow. After its disbandment — the research supervisor of surgical department of the Central hospital of N. A. Semashko of Ministry of Railways of the USSR and since 1937 at the same time directed department of clinical surgery of TsIU of doctors. In days of the Great Patriotic War — the chief of hospital and the consultant of hospital of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. In 1946 — 1947 — the Chief surgeon of M3 of the USSR.
V. R. Braytsev is an author more than 100 scientific works, including several monographs, hl. in the way on problems of cancer of rectum, an etiology and treatment of a peptic ulcer of a stomach and duodenum, methods of treatment of wounds of blood vessels and peripheral nervous trunks. Operations of plastic formation of a gullet from a skin rag are offered them, and also at prolapses of the rectum, stomach ulcer (pylorectomy and a pyloroplasty), etc. Researches about development of roundabout blood circulation during the bandaging of circulatory trunks are conducted. Under the leadership of V. R. Braytsev it is executed more 20th edging. and dokt, theses. He was three times elected the deputy chairman of Surgical society of Moscow and the Moscow region, within 2 years was its chairman. Was the honorary member and the Honorary Chairman of the Moscow society of surgeons, the honorary member of All-Union society of surgeons and Surgical society of Belarus, the member of the International society of surgeons. It is awarded by two Orders of Lenin, an award of the Labour Red Banner and medals.
Works: About maxillary cysts, Surgery, t. 21, June, page 329, 1907; Cancer of a rectum, its operational treatment, yew., M., 1910; Functional capacity of kidneys at their surgical diseases, M., 1913; To a question of a seam and change of blood vessels, M., 1916; Gunshot wounds of blood vessels (hematoma and aneurism), Hir. arkh. Velyaminova, prince 1-3, page 1, 1917; Experience of plastic formation of an artificial gullet from skin, Is new. hir., t. 7, No. 8, page 251, 1928; About some types of unions in a belly yole of an awn, Vestn, hir., t. 18, book 54, page 29, 1929; Acute appendicitis, M., 1946; Diseases of a rectum, M., 1952; Inborn (dizontogenetichesky) formations of a mediastinum and lungs, M - 1960.
Bibliography: Vasily Romanovich Braytsev, in book: In the revolutionary way — to knowledge (Saturday., posvyashch. to the first issue of doctors uskor. course medical Fak. in Moscow), page 66, M., 1925; Memories of professor Vasily Romanovich Braytsev, Surgery, No. 3, page 148, 1965.
G. P. Zaytsev.