YUDIN Tikhon Ivanovich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

YUDIN Tikhon Ivanovich (1879 — 1949) is the Soviet psychiatrist, zasl. scientist of USSR.

After the termination medical f-that Moscow un-that in 1904 — 1907 was an intern of psychiatric clinic un-that. Then worked in Kharkiv and Moscow (nowadays hospital of P. P. Kashchenko) insane hospitals, and in 1918 — 1924 again — in psychiatric clinic Moscow un-that. From 1924 to 1932 professor of psychiatry Kazan un-that. In 1932 — 1937 headed Clinical in-t of All-Ukrainian psychoneurological academy and was her vice-president, and from 1937 to 1943 the in-volume (nowadays Kharkiv scientific research institute of neurology and psychiatry of the Ministry of Health of USSR) directed Ukrainian psychoneurological and at the same time there was a deputy director on science of the 2nd Kharkiv medical in-that. From 1943 to the last days lives managed department of psychiatry Moscow medical dental in-that.

T. I. Yudin is the author of the St. 100 scientific works devoted to various questions of psychiatry, including the organization of mental health services and history of domestic psychiatry. T. I. Yudin — one of the most visible representatives of the Moscow psychiatric school, the follower of the traditions put by S. S. Korsakov. He is also a pioneer in domestic and world clinical genetics of mental diseases. One of the main merits of T. I. Yudin in this area consists in the deep genetic analysis of psychopathic constitutions and establishment of their hereditary communication with psychoses. From the point of view of hereditary pathology T. I. Yudin considered also problems of a nosology of endogenous mental diseases. He predetermined also one of the main elements of a research of genetics of diseases with hereditary predisposition — search of pathogenetic markers of this predisposition (see. Genealogical method). In its works questions of interaction of hereditary and environmental factors figured prominently (in particular, he considered the last as inductors of a schizophrenic genotype). He conducted researches of population frequency of hereditary diseases (schizophrenia, etc.). T. I. Yudin's ideas in the field of genetics of mental diseases did not lose the value and in a crust, time.

T. I. Yudin was a chairman Kazan about-va psychiatrists and neuropathologists, the deputy editor-in-chief of a redotdel «Neurology, neuropathology, psychiatry, psychology» of 1 prod. BME.

Works: Psychoses at twins, Zhurn. neuropath. and psikhiat., No. 1, page 68, 1907; Heredity of sincere diseases, yew.

m, 1922; Eugenics, the Doctrine about improvement of natural properties of the person, M., 1925, 1928; Psychopathic constitutions, M., 1926; Constitution and genetics, Owls. clinic, No. 7-8, page 868, 1934; Public health service in days of Patriotic war, t.

1 — 2, Tyumen, 1943 (bus of a number of the Art. and edition sovm. with other); Value of psychotic symptoms in early diagnosis of traumatic abscesses of a brain, the Doctor, business, No. 11-12, page 583, 1945; Sketches of history of domestic psychiatry, M., 1951.

Bibliography: Galachyan A. G.,

T. I. Yudin as founder of the Russian and Soviet clinical genetics, Zhurn. neuropath, and psikhiat., t. 65, No. 12, page 1883, 1965; Snezhnevskiya. V. Tikhon Ivanovich Yudin (To the 100 anniversary since birth), in the same place, t. 79, No. 12, page 1748, 1979.


M. E. Vartanyan.