YaNGANTAU — the balneological resort in Bashkir ASSR, is located in South Ural in 152 km from Ufa, on the bank of the Yuryuzan River, at the height of 413 m above sea-level in a natural forest park on slopes of the mountain Yangantau. Climate continental: summer warm (average temperature of July 18 °), winter cold (average temperature of January — 16 °).
The maximum quantity of rainfall drops out during the period from May to September, total quantity of rainfall in a year of 400 — 600 mm. Number of hours of sunshine in a year apprx. 1800. Considerable ionization of air is noted (see Aeroionization).
The resort has unique natural to lay down. factors — the ferry (temperature 40 — 50 °) and the gases (temperature 50 — 70 °) which are coming out cracks of the mountain Yangantau and the drilled kaptazhny wells. The composition of these gases and steam includes carbon dioxide gas, nitrogen, radon, nek-ry organic matters (pitches, phenols, etc.), biologically active microelements (magnesium, silicon, iron, etc.). Steam and gases on pipes move in separate cabins of steam and sukhovozdushny clinics and are used for bathtubs and inhalations. In the resort the sanatorium with the bathing building and a balneary functions.
In 3 km from the mountain Yangantau there is a source Kurgazak. Water of a source low-mineralized, the guide - rokarbonatno - calcium-magnesium with the small content of radon and organic matters, is applied to bathtubs and drinking treatment. In complex treatment in the resort use LFK, physical therapy, the dosed walking, a climatotherapy, etc.
Indications to treatment in the resort: diseases of the basic motive device, peripheral nervous system, peripheral vessels, kidneys and uric ways (hron. glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis).
Contraindications — see. Sanatorium selection, table, t. 29, additional materials.
Bibliography: Akbashev P. III.
Resort of Yangan-Tau, Ufa, 1981; Health resorts of labor unions of the USSR, under the editorship of I. I. Kozlov, page 52, M., 1979; The Resorts of the USSR, under the editorship of
S. V. Kurashov, etc., page 112, M., 1962.
V. V. Poltoranov.