From Big Medical Encyclopedia

WOUND FEVERS — the infectious processes arising in a wound owing to an invasion in it pathogenic microflora on condition of insufficiency of defense reactions of the damaged fabrics or all organism in general. R.'s development and. depends also on a species of a microbe and massiveness (quantity of microbes on 1 g of the damaged fabric) microbic pollution. River and. sharply break and complicate a current of a wound process, make impossible a wound repair by first intention, threaten with development inf. complications — local (flow, phlegmon, abscess) and the general (it is purulent - resorptive fever, sepsis). From R. and. it is necessary to distinguish the microbic pollution of wounds which is not complicating a current of a wound process and accompanying any accidental wound. At a wound repair second intention this microflora causes the suppuration promoting clarification of a wound.

Depending on features of the implemented activators and the changes arising in a wound distinguish nonspecific (purulent, anaerobic, putrefactive) and specific (diphtheria of a wound, wound scarlet fever) R. and. Besides, the wound serves as entrance gate for activators of a row inf. the diseases which do not have character of a wound fever, i.e. not followed by noticeable disturbances of a wound process. Some of these general inf. diseases are surely connected with an invasion of the activator in a wound (tetanus, rage, a disease of a rat sting); at others — the wound is only one of possible ways of penetration of microbes (syphilis, a malignant anthrax).

See also Mephitic gangrene , Putrefactive infection , Purulent infection , Osteomyelitis , Changes , Wounds, wounds .

S. A. Rusanov.