From Big Medical Encyclopedia

WESTERN SAMOA — the state in Polynesia. Borrows zap. a part of the archipelago of Samoa in the Pacific Ocean — the island of Savaii, Upolu, etc. The area is 2842 km 2 , population of St. 150 thousand people (1975). The capital — Apia (apprx. 30 thousand people, 1974). Ofits. languages — Samoan and English.


In 1962 3. The page is proclaimed the independent state, enters the British Commonwealth of Nations headed by Great Britain. Under the contract with New Zealand all external relations of the country outside Oceania are carried out through the New Zealand diplomatic representatives.

The climate is subtropical, monsoonal, sea. Primary branches of economy — agriculture and fishery.

Apprx. 99% of the population — Samoans. The natural movement of the population, according to official figures, in 1976 was characterized by the following indicators (for 1000 the population): birth rate 36,9, mortality 6,7, natural increase 30,2, child mortality 40,0 on 1000 live-born.

In 1971 cases of measles, infectious hepatitis, tuberculosis (all forms), were most often celebrated by a typhoid. 6 cases of a leprosy were registered.

Medical service of the population is under authority of Department of the health care headed by the director who is subordinated to the minister of communications and transport, telecommunications and health care. Six managements of department know questions of public health care, affairs-tsy of the general type in Apia, the dental help, laboratories, administrative matters, etc. The chief of the department of public health care bears responsibility for work of BC and health services of 16 districts. The regional doctor heads to lay down. - professional, the help to the population of the district. It is helped by the regional nurse and other nursing staff. The most part of the population uses free medical aid.

In 1971 in the country 15 BCs on 630 beds functioned (4,4 beds for 1000 zhit.), including 1-tsa the general type on 294 beds and 14 rural on 336 beds. The extra hospital help, including the help to mothers and children, appeared in polyclinic departments of BC and 8 centers of health care.

In 1974 in 3. The page worked 52 doctors (3,2 doctors on 10 000 zhit.). Besides, in the field of health care 12 dentists, 3 druggists, 9 assistants to druggists, 205 nurses and other personnel were busy. There are no highest medical educational institutions in the country. Nurses would take a 3-year course at school at in Apia; in 1971/72 academic year 18 nurses were let out there.

Bibliography: Fifth report on the world health situation 1969 — 1972, pt 2, p. 382, Geneva, WHO, 1974; Proposed programme and budget estimates, for the financial year 1 January — 31 December 1975, Off. Rec. Wld Hlth Org., No. 212, p. 718, Geneva, 1973.

E. V. Galakhov.