VOGT Oskar (Vogt Oskar, 1870 — 1959) is the German neurologist.
Studied biology and medicine at first in Kiel (1888 — 1890), and then in Yenskom (1890 — 1893) high fur boots. In 1894 in Zurich was engaged in studying of anatomy of a brain under the leadership of O. Forel. In 1897 it was improved on neuropathology in Paris under the leadership of Zh. De-zherin. In 1898 together with M. Biljshovsky organized Ney-robiologichesky in-t in Berlin, from 1919 to 1930 was his director. In 1931 Neyrobiologiche-sky was reorganized by in-t in Ying t on studying of a brain. O. Vogt was the director of it in-that till 1937 Due to the prosecutions of Nazis left Berlin and in difficult conditions created Institute of a brain in Neyshtadt, to-ry headed until the end of life.
The main scientific research of O. Vogt is devoted to the complex
studying of a brain including morphological, physiological, ale-ktrofizio logical, genetic and clinical methods. He studied structure and function of extrapyramidal system (see) normal and at pathology especially in detail. The extensive detailed and carefully executed researches were conducted by O. Vogt in the area miyeloarkhitektonik and patoarkhitektonik of a cerebral cortex. The doctrine developed by O. Vogt about a topistika and a patokliza, despite nek-ry methodological inconsistency and unilateral judgments in the spirit of psychophysical parallelism, had generally materialistic character and did not lose the value for understanding of selectivity of defeat of various structures of a brain under the influence of external factors taking into account hereditary predisposition (see Patoarkhitektonik). In the experimental works O. Vogt showed distinctions of EEG at assignments from tsi-toarkhitektonichesky fields, various on structure. In scientific research he visually showed importance and need morphological, and in particular tsitoarkhitektonichesko-go, control in pilot and pathomorphologic studies of a brain for the solution of questions of localization of functions and topical diagnosis of its defeats.
In 1925 by the invitation of the Soviet government he took part in the organization Ying-that a brain in Moscow.
In 1950 O. Vogt was conferred the National award of the German Democratic Republic. The name of O. Vogt and his spouse (S. of Vogt) is appropriated Ying-that a brain in Neyshtadt. Works: Allgemeinere Ergebnisse unserer Hirn-forschung, Lpz., 1919 (sovm. with Vogt C.); Lehre der Erkrankungen der striaren Sys-teme, J. Psychol. Neurol. (Lpz.), Bd 25, Erganz. - Hft 3, S. 627, 1919 — 1920 (sovm. with Vogt C.); Erkrankungen der Grosshirn-rinde im Lichte der Topistik, Pathoklise und Pathoarchitektonik, Lpz., 1922 (sovm. with Vogt C.).
Bibliography: Sarkisov S.A.
, etc. Oskar Vogt (To the 100 anniversary since birth), Zhurn. neuropath, and psikhiat., t. 70, century 5, page 763, 1970; H a s s 1 e r R., O. Vogt, Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., Bd 200, S. 239, 1960. JI. A. Kukuyev.