From Big Medical Encyclopedia

VIABILITY — ability of a fruit to begin and to continue independently life out of a maternal organism in usual conditions. Definition. is one of the main questions resolved court. - the medical expert at a research of corpses of newborns.

To possess., the organism of a fruit shall reach the known degree of a maturity (see. Donoshennost ). In court. - medical practice the baby who stayed in a womb of mother not less than 8 lunar months is considered mature. By this time it has length of a body of 40 cm and more, the weight of 1500 — 1600, a circle of a head not less than 28 cm, weight of a placenta not less than 400 g of Nek-roye diagnostic value at establishment. emergence of a cartilage in auricles, existence of a pupillary membrane or its remains etc. has the baby. The weight of the died newborn baby at examination. it is least indicative since after approach of death it considerably decreases as a result of bystry drying. The mature baby can be impractical in the presence of malformations (lack of a brain, kidneys, two-chamber heart, fusion of a rectum, a stomach, a gullet, bilious ways, brain hernias, splitting of the spinal channel, etc.) or disease processes not compatible to life. The frustration which are sharply breaking the most important vital signs of an organism — function of c concern to them. N of page, blood circulation, breath, digestion. Similar states allow to consider the child impractical even if he was born live and lived a nek-swarm time. By the moments defining., it is necessary to refer also absence enough serious damages of a fruit at the time of delivery.

The described expert signs. differ from the norms accepted in obstetrics where the baby of 7 months of pre-natal development, length of a body to-rogo not less than 35 cm, weight is considered not less than 1000 viable. Such newborns demand careful. leaving in the conditions of specialized institutions, whereas in court. - medical practice, as a rule, does not have the conditions necessary for their survival.

See also Zhivorozhdennost , the Fruit, a donoshennost in the medicolegal relation .

Bibliography: Potter E. Pathological anatomy of fruits, newborns and children of early age, the lane with English, M., 1971; Smolyaninov V. M., Shirinsky P. P. and Pashinyan G. A. Medicolegal diagnosis of a zhivorozhdennost, M., 1974, bibliogr.; Hrushchelevski E. and G. Sektion's Shperl-Zey-fridova of corpses of fruits and newborns, the lane with polsk., M., 1962.

P. P. Shirinsky, G. A. Pashinyan.