From Big Medical Encyclopedia


r about d N y y university

of health — an organizational form of carrying out sanitary and educational work among the population, increases in its medical and hygienic knowledge, and also the general and sanitary culture.

National high fur boots in our country were organized in 1959 as an accessible mass form of familiarizing of workers with knowledge in all fields of ideology, science and culture. In creation of high fur boots (faculties) of health active part was taken by houses of sanitary education (see), about-va on distribution of political and scientific knowledge (nowadays All-Union society «Znaniye»), about-va Red the Cross and Red Crescent (see the Union of societies of the Red Cross and Red Crescent of the USSR) with assistance of the party, public and trade-union organizations.

To successful development At. h. the resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU «About improvement of work of public universities» (1968), other directive documents, and also the order M3 USSR «About further development of public universities of health» promoted (1969).

In tasks At. h. preparation for the aid to bodies of health care a dignity enters. the asset familiar with questions of personal and public hygiene, prevention of infectious and noninfectious diseases, with the main achievements of modern medical science and practice, the patient care owning skills and the first-aid treatment increasing the level of the dignity. grakhmotnost and cultures, capable to use the knowledge on production and in life, and also to transfer them to others and by that to promote public health care.

At. h. successfully work and develop; by 1983 their number exceeded 5,5 thousand, and the number of listeners made apprx. 1,5 million people. In them Ikhmeetsya more than 8 thousand f-tov, departments and branches. Work At. h. heads Council of public universities of health at M3 of the USSR, the Crimea performs methodical management Central office of public universities of All-Union society «Znaniye». In the Ministries of Health of federal republics Councils of assistance of health to universities, guides and coordinating their work are created. On places At. h. work under the direction of Public councils of the public universities headed by heads of bodies and healthcare institutions. The leading scientists, practical workers of health care, representatives of the trade-union organizations, societies of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, «Knowledge», the most active listeners are a part of these Councils. The considerable attention is paid to program and methodical work, development of curricula and programs, methodical recommendations, the organization and holding seminars and lectures. Methodical work together with public councils is spent At home sanitary education, central research institute of sanitary education M3 of the USSR.

At. h. will be organized for various contingents of the population: mo

lodezh, industrial workers, toilers of the village, women, dignity. activists, employees of preschool institutions and schools, technical training college, training officers, heads of trade enterprises and public catering, parents, pensioners, mentors, employees of GAI, etc. In recent years there were mixed national high fur boots — medico-pedagogical knowledge, military patriotic education, etc., experience to-rykh is used in practice of work At. h.

At. h. work according to the plan, approved by Public council, the rector directs their work. The term of training in At. h. — one year, classes are given from 2 to 4 times a month, their duration — 2 class periods. Program and curriculum U.z. provide receiving by listeners medical and a gigabyte. knowledge of a certain system. During the occupations listeners shall gain an impression about the main directions and achievements of the Soviet medicine, about advantages of a socialist health system, about policy of the party and the Governments in the field of health protection of the Soviet people. Listeners study skills of patient care, first-aid treatment in case of accidents and sudden diseases, visit healthcare institutions, the museums; for them evenings of questions and answers, quizes, debates will be organized. On occupations are widely shown a dignity. - a gleam, movies, models, phantoms, other visual aids are used (see), listeners make reports, prepare papers, reviews etc.

The big and responsible tasks are set before At. h. the resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and Council of ministers of the USSR «About additional measures for improvement of public health care» (1982) and the VIII congress of All-Union society «Knowledge» (1982) on promotion of scientific, medical and hygienic knowledge, providing a comprehensive explanation of value

of UNNA of 65

niya directed to preservation of health of the Soviet people accepted postanovle-.

See also Sanitary education. V. E. Kovshilo.