UNDERCUT Apollinary Grigoryevich (1852 — 1900) — the domestic surgeon and the urologist, professor (1887).
Ended in 1875 medical f-t Kharkiv un-that. In 1878 protected dokt, the thesis about extension of nerves. From 1879 to 1883 it was improved in clinics of Vienna and Paris. Since 1890 the manager. clinic of surgical propaedeutics in Kharkiv, and since 1894 — clinic of hospital surgery Kharkiv un-that.
A. G. Podrez published apprx. 50 scientific works on various questions of surgery. For the first time in the world made removal of a foreign body from a wall of heart (1897) and described results corresponding rentgenol. researches (1898). For the first time in Russia successfully carried out a splenectomy (1887). New operational methods, modifications of operations (a gastroenterostomy, colostomy, a seam of mucous membranes) and hirurgich are offered them. tools (conductor of a chain saw, etc.). Its Russia's first guide to surgical diseases of uric and generative organs is of interest also now. A. G. Podrez possesses works «About blenorry the urinogenital device at men», lithotripsy, a tsistoneostomiya, about treatment of strictures of an urethra, etc. In 1884 the original way of recovery of passability of an urethra which was repeatedly described by I. Aljbarran is offered them.
A. G. Podrez's merits in development of the doctrine about diseases of bodies of urinogenital system allow to consider him one of founders of domestic urology.
Works: About extension of nerves, yew., Kharkiv, 1878; About blenorry the urinogenital device at men, Russian medical, No. 4, page 71, No. 5, page 91, No. 6, page 111, 1885; About a vyrezyvaniye of a spleen — «Splenotomia», Hir. vestn., March, page 151, 1887; Surgical diseases of uric and generative organs, p.1 — 2, Kharkiv, 1887 — 1896; About connection of an ureter with a bladder (uretero-cystoneostomia), the Chronicle Russian hir., t. 3, No. 4, page 644, 1898; About a heart surgery, the Doctor, t. 19, No. 26, page 748, 1898.
Bibliography: Warsaw S. T. The ideas of a nervosism in works A. G. Podreza on the general urology, the Doctor, business, No. 4, page 435, 1956; Khromov B. M. A. G. Undercut, Vestn, hir., t. 71, No. 3, page 75, 1951; Shapoval V. I. both E. K. Zhizn's Ar-noldi and activity of professor A. G. Podrez, Urol, and nefrol., No. 6, page 71, 1977.
V. I. Shapoval.