UGOLEV Alexander Mikhaylovich (sort. in 1926) — the Soviet physiologist, the academician of Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1984).
Ended in 1948. Dnipropetrovsk medical in-t, worked at department of physiology Leningrad dental in-that (1949 — 1955) and in Ying-those normal and pathological physiology of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1955 — 1960). In 1958 protected dokt. thesis. Since 1960 directed group, and since 1963 laboratory of physiology of food at Institute of physiology of I. P. Pavlov of Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Since 1964 professor.
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Published apprx. 200 works, including 7 monographs and a number of reviews in the Soviet and international administration on problems of evolution of digestion, membrane hydrolysis and absorption, intestinal hormones, etc. Its early studies were devoted to physiology of the autonomic nervous system and blood circulation, further he studied problems of adaptation of digestive glands and formulated the theory of the general evolutionary origin of bodies external and incretion. In 1951 for the first time carried out full removal of a duodenum in an experiment and described a syndrome of duodenal insufficiency. Offered the metabolic theory of regulation of appetite connected with a cycle of tricarboxylic acids. In 1959 opened the phenomenon of membrane (pristenochny) digestion (see Digestion).
A. M. Ugolev is the member of bureau of Department of physiology of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, presidiums All-Union physiological of I. P. Pavlov and All-Union gastroenterological about-in, the honorary member British and Hungarian about-in gastroenterologists, Ob-va of gastroenterology and food of medical society of Ya. E. Purkinye (Czechoslovakia). In 1963 it is conferred an award of Academy of Sciences of the USSR of I. P. Pavlov for researches on physiology of digestion.
It is awarded the order the Labour Red Banner.
Works: Adaptation of digestive
glands to quality of food, a yew., M., 1958; Digestion and its adaptive evolution, M., 1961; Pristenochny (contact) digestion, M. — L., 1963;
Physiology and pathology of pristenochny (contact) digestion, L., 1967; Membrane digestion, Polysubstrate processes, organization and regulation, L., 1972; Enterinovy (intestinal hormonal) system, L., 1978; Space gastroenterology, M., 1981 (sovm. with Smirnov K. V.). G. M. Roshchina.