TSESTODOZA

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

TSESTODBZY (cestodosis, the singular) — the helminthoses caused by cestodes (tape-worms).

The most widespread tses-todozakhm of the person are shadows-arinkhoz (see), a teniosis (see), cysticercosis (see), a diphyllobotriasis (see), a sparganosis (see), a hymenolepiasis (see); quite often meet an echinococcus (see) and an alveococcosis (see), is more rare — dipilidioz (see) and a coenurosis (see).

Activators C. belong to the class Cestoda Gegenbauer, 1859 (a synonym: Cestoidea Rudolphi, 1808; Cestodes Burmeister, 1837; Cysticerci Zeder, 1800). Representatives of two groups of cestodes — tapeworms (teniida, soliter, Cyclophyllidea) and lenteets (Pseudophyllidea) have medical value.

A source of an invasion at intestinal tsestodoza (teniarinkhoz, a teniosis, a hymenolepiasis dwarfish) are sick people and parazito-carriers; at fabric tsestodoza (an echinococcosis, an alveococcosis, a coenurosis) — preying animals (dogs, wolves, foxes, etc.); at diphyllobotriases, a dipilidioza, a hymenolepiasis rat — people and animals. Infection teniarinkhozy and a teniosis occurs at consumption of insufficiently thermally processed meat, and diphyllobotriases — fishes. In infection with hymenolepiases are of great importance insufficient a gigabyte. skills, insanitary maintenance of the dwelling. Infection with fabric or larvaceous tsestodoza (echinococcosis, etc.) occurs at contact with the infected dogs and the vegetation contaminated by eggs of cestodes, the soil. Area of various C. it is not identical and is defined by a condition of sanitary improvement of settlements and sanitary literacy of the population.

Prevention of C. consists in sanitary improvement of the inhabited places (see), protection of the soil and water from fecal pollution, sanitary education of the population, treatment of the infested people and domestic animals. For the prevention of a teniarinkhoz, a teniosis, an echinococcosis, a coenurosis the correct organization of livestock farms and veterinary health control of meat products have essential value (see Veterinary sanitary inspection).

Bibliography: The multivolume guide to microbiology, clinic and epidemiology of infectious diseases, under the editorship of H. N. Zhukova-Verezhnikov, t. 9, page 279, 460, M., 1968; Parasitic zoonoza, the Report of Committee of WHO experts with participation of FAO, a per, with English, M., 1980.

V. K. Karnaukhov.

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