TRYPANOSOMIASIS (trypanosomiasis, trypanosomosis of the singular) — the diseases of the person caused by flagellar protozoa this. Trypanosoma tidae.
T. are widespread only in tropics: a tsetse-fly disease (see) in Africa, Shagasa a disease (see) in South America. Causative agents of a sleeping sickness are Trypanosoma gam-biense and Trypanosoma rhodesiense, a disease-producing factor of Shagas — Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) cruzi (see Trypanosomes). Characteristic prevalence of T. is defined, first of all, by an area of carriers — tsetse flies (see) in Africa and triatomovy bugs (see) in South America. Also that circumstance that the Rhodesian form of a tsetse-fly disease (see) and
a Chagas disease are natural and focal invasions and hematothermal carriers of their activators also matters have limited areas.
A. Ya. Lysenko.