TRAUBE Ludvig (Traube Ludwig, 1818 — 1876) is the German therapist, the founder of experimental pathology in Germany.
Got a medical education in Breslau's high fur boots (nowadays Wroclaw) and Berlin.
Ya. Purkinje and I. Müller were his teachers. Doctor of medicine (1840). It was improved in clinic Y. Skodas in Vienna, and on patol. anatomy — at K. Rokitansky. Since 1841 practiced as the therapist in Berlin. Since 1849 the assistant I. Shenleyna, since 1853 the manager. department of chest diseases of hospital you Rummage; with 1857 extraordinary, and since 1862 ordinary professor Ying-that of Friedrich Wilhelm; since 1872 professor Berlin un-that.
L. Traube's activity promoted introduction to a wedge, practice of physical methods of inspection of the patient and experimental studying of pathology in animal experiments. In the 40th 19 century he gave a special course of lectures on auscultation and percussion. Development of these methods allowed it to enrich semiotics of diseases of a respiratory organs and blood circulation; the percussion symptom
of left-side pleurisy or a hydrothorax — reduction of a zone of a tympanic sound (see Traube space), an auskultativny sign of insufficiency of the aortal valve — the double tone of Traube listened over large vessels kept the value. To it and his compatriot and contemporary Vunderlikh (Page R. A. Wunderlich), offered temperature curves, possesses a merit of implementation in wide a wedge, practice of thermometry.
In experiences with section of a vagus nerve he studied the changes in lungs arising at the same time; established (1846) that the irritation of nerve fibrils of the vagus nerves going from lungs to a myelencephalon causes the respiratory movements. At the beginning of the 50th 19 century he conducted the researches devoted to studying of regulation of body temperature in a healthy organism and at fever. In 1865 described slow periodic changings of size ABP at kurarezirovanno-go an animal, the c caused by a hypoxia. N of page and connected with a rhythm of respiratory movements (Traube's waves — Goering). He studied also an innervation of heart, vagotropic effect of a foxglove. The collection of its works determined the direction of research work of clinical physicians of a number of the countries by pathology and physiology (1871) that allows to consider him one of founders of experimental pathology. At the same time on a number of theoretical questions he adhered to lokalisti-chesky installations of cellular pathology (see).
Circle of research interests of JI. Traube covered various problems of internal medicine: tuberculosis, uraemia, interrelation of diseases of kidneys and heart. (1854) it showed to one of the first that thrombosis of arteries of a brain can be the cause of an entsefalomalyation. After Zh. Buyo described a cantering rhythm. It possesses the first description of a diapulse (1872). Contribution of JI. Traube in studying of cordial activity, including mechanisms of an origin of cardiac sounds and cordial noise, hl. obr. functional, puts it in number of the researchers promoting formation of cardiology as independent area a wedge, medicine. Traube's clinic in 60 — the 70th 19 century was one of the centers of scientific therapy, his lectures and bypasses were attended by young doctors not only Germany, but also other countries (including S. P. Botkin). Among successors there is JI. Traube is his successor on clinic E. Leyden.
Works: Symptoms of diseases of a respiratory organs and blood circulation, the lane with it., M., 1867; Gesammelte Beitrage zur Pathologie und Physiologie, Bd 1 — 3, V., 1871 — 1878; Complete collection of clinical lectures, a per * with it., book 1 — 2, M., 1874.
Bibliography: Geschichte der Medizin,
hrsg. y. A. Mette u. I. Winter, S. 334, B. 1968; Leyden E „Biography of Ludwig Traube (Ger.), Charite-Ann., v. 2, p. 767, 1877; Talbott J. H. A biographical history of medicine, p. 592, N. Y. — L., 1970. V. I. Borodulin.