From Big Medical Encyclopedia

TIZELIUS Arne (Tiselius Arne, Wilhelm Kaurea; 1902 — 1971) — the Swedish chemist, the Nobel Prize laureate (1948).


Ended un-t in Uppsale where in 1930 received a doctor's degree. In 1925 — 1931 worked as T. Svedberg's assistant in Physical and chemical in-those in Uppsale, in 1934 — 1935 worked in Princeton un-that (USA). Since 1937 professor of biochemistry un-that in Uppsale. In 1946 — 1950 A. Tizelius fulfilled duties of the chairman of the Swedish state committee on researches in the field of natural sciences, in 1947 — 1960 was the vice-president, and in 1960 — 1964 the president of the Nobel committee.

The main scientific works of A. Tizelius are devoted to development of a method electrophoresis (see). This method gave the chance to divide the substances close on chemical structure.

A. Tizelius designed the device allowing to estimate results of division of substances optical techniques. Thanks to rabo-takhm a method of an electrophoresis W began to use A. Tizelius widely for the analysis of complex proteinaceous mixtures. h for a research of blood serum it is normal also at pathology. The Nobel Prize in chemistry is conferred for researches in the field of a chromatography and the adsorptive analysis.

Was the honorary member of academies of many countries.

Works: Electrophoresis: past, present and future, Clin. chim. Acta, v. 3, p. 1, 1958; Purity and purification of chemical substances, L., 1958; Reflections from both sides of the counter, Ann. Rev. Biochem., v. 37, p. 1, 1968.

Bibliography: F a r b e r E. Nobel prize winners in chemistry 1901 — 1950, N. Y., 1953.

I. M. Karmansky.