From Big Medical Encyclopedia

THERMOCOAGULATION (used up.; Greek therme warmth, heat + kaustikos burning) — a method of cauterization of fabrics by immediate effect on them high temperature.

T. — one of the most ancient ways cauterizations (see), at Krom as caustics (see) used the smoldering objects (a tinder, flax, vatu, etc.), the boiling liquids (oil, turpentine), the flame, a hot air and water vapor, sunshine concentrated by means of biconvex lenses, the heated metals, etc. T. it was applied most often to a stop of bleeding, cauterization of tumors, during removal of a worm-shaped shoot, openings of a gleam went. - kish. path, etc.

For cauterization special tools — the thermocauters representing the iron cores with the handle bent on the end at right angle and which are coming to an end with tips of various form (bellied, sharo-or disk-shaped, cylindrical, conic existed the heated metal, etc.), to-rye heated up usually on coals to a red or white kaleniye. These thermocauters were forced out further by Paklen's thermocauter representing the platinum tip which is screwing on on the handle; through the last by means of a rubber bulb vapors of gasoline are pumped up, during the burning to-rykh there is a heating of a tip.

In the subsequent T. it was left and replaced diathermocoagulation (see).

See also Galvanocautery .

A.S. Molchanov.