STRAZHESKO Nikolay Dmitriyevich (1876 — 1952) — the Soviet therapist, the academician of Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1943), AN USSR (1934) and USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1944), Hera of Socialist Work (1947), zasl. scientist of USSR (1934).
Ended medical f-t Kiev un-that in 1899 and worked under the direction of B. P. Obraztsova in clinic of internal diseases Kiev un-that. In 1904 protected dokt. the thesis «To physiology of guts», executed in I. P. Pavlov's laboratory. From 1907 to 1919 professor Kiev women's medical in-that, since 1919 the department chair of therapy Novorossiysk un-that, since 1922 the director of clinic of propaedeutics, and then hospital clinic Kiev medical in-that. From 1929 to 1952 the director of faculty clinic of the same in-that. In days of the Great Patriotic War worked as the consultant of M3 hospitals of the USSR, in-that was professor of departments of therapy Bashkir medical and the 1st MMI.
Since 1943 the director organiz about bathing to them Ukrainian in-that clinical medicine (nowadays of N. D. Strazhesko).
N. D. Strazhesko is an author more than 100 scientific works devoted to various questions of clinic and treatment of internal diseases. The work published together with V.P. Obraztsov «To a simptomologiya and diagnosis of thrombosis of coronal arteries of heart» (1910), in a cut for the first time in the world the developed description various a wedge, forms was given myocardial infarction (see) its fundamental pathogenetic unit is also revealed, brought it world fame. He studied also problems of physiology and pathology of bodies went. - kish. a path (a stomach, intestines and a liver), questions of use of strophanthin as medicine at heart troubles. Its monograph «Bases of Physical Diagnosis of Diseases of an Abdominal Cavity» (1924) became the classical work. Paid special attention of N. D. Strazhesko to kliniko-experimental studying of pathology of bodies of blood circulation. He described a number of syndromes and symptoms at cardiovascular diseases, developed the doctrine about a functional circulatory unefficiency, together with V. of X. Vasilenko created classification of a circulatory unefficiency, scientifically proved the theory of rheumatism as infectious and allergic disease of a streptococcal etiology, revealed communication between sepsis, an endocarditis and rheumatism, described patterns of a ratio of cardiac asthma and stenocardia (angina pectoris). It possesses researches of so-called persistent infections, and also a traumatosepsis, an allergy, geriatrics, hematology, shock, tuberculosis, etc. The name of N. D. Strazhesko is born by a number of the symptoms described by it: a symptom of a tumor of a head of a pancreas, a sign of a total atrioventricular block of heart (see) — Strazhesko gun tone, a symptom perigastritis (see) — Strazhesko a phenomenon.
N. D. Strazhesko was an editor of a redotdel «Internal diseases» of 1 prod. BME.
Works: To physiology of guts, yew., Spb.5 1904; Bases of physical diagnosis of diseases of an abdominal cavity, Kiev, 1948. Chosen works, t. 1 — 2, Kiev, 1955 — 1956.
Bibliography: Vasilenko V. of X., N. D. Strazhesko, To the 100 anniversary since birth, Klin, medical, t. 54, No. 12, page 3, 1976; Nikolay Dmitriyevich Strazhesko, bibliography, sost. H. M. Nesterova, M. — L., 1950.
Century of X. Vasilenko.