STOMACH (endoscopy)

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To article STOMACH (endoscopy).

Fig. 1 — 24. Gastroscopic pictures at some diseases of a stomach: fig. 1 — 6 — norm (it is given for comparison). From above — the corresponding schemes and the indication of area of a research (light sites on the scheme of a stomach). White spots on illustrations — patches of light.

Fig. 1. Cardial department of a gullet: 1 — an entrance to a stomach (a cardial opening); 2 — border between a mucous membrane of a gullet and a mucous membrane of a stomach.

Fig. 2. Cardial department of a stomach: 1 — a cardial opening from a stomach; 2 — the fiberscope is carried out through a cardial opening of a gullet to a stomach.

Fig. 3. A body of a stomach (the stomach is inflated by air, its folds are maleficiated): 1 — a front wall; 2 — a corner of a stomach; 3 — a back wall; 4 — big curvature.

Fig. 4. Antral department of a stomach: 1 — an opening of the gatekeeper; 2 — an angular fold.

Fig. 5. Folds of a mucous membrane of big curvature of a stomach: 1 — folds of a mucous membrane; 2 — antral department.

Fig. 6. Antral department of a stomach at the time of reduction: 1 — the reduced folds of a mucous membrane at a peristaltic wave; 2 — a part of antral department before reduction.

Fig. 7. Hernia of an esophageal opening of a diaphragm: 1 — the mucous membrane of a stomach squeezed by a phrenic ring; 2 — a mucous membrane of a stomach in epiphrenic area (phrenic hernia); 3 — the site of a mucous membrane of a gullet.

Fig. 8. A diverticulum of a front wall of a stomach (it is specified by an arrow).

Fig. 9. A bezoar of a stomach (it is specified by an arrow).

Fig. 10. Insufficiency of cardial department of a stomach (the arrow specified the gaping opening of an entrance to a stomach, for comparison see fig. 1).

Fig. 11. Functional insufficiency of the gatekeeper: 1 — the gaping gatekeeper; 2 — the bile which is thrown in a stomach from a duodenum; 3 — the site of a mucous membrane which is not covered with bile.

Fig. 12. The organic insufficiency of the gatekeeper caused by scarring of an ulcer: The gatekeeper 1 — gaping, deformed; 2 — a mucous membrane of a duodenum; 3 — a zone of scarring.

Fig. 14. The Infiltrirovanny mucous membrane of a gullet at a cardiospasm (the narrowed cardial opening is specified by an arrow).

Fig. 15. Polyp of antral department of a stomach: 1 — the close gatekeeper; 2 — a polyp.

Fig. 16. Polyposes of a stomach (polyps are specified by shooters).

Fig. 17. The moment of a biopsy of a malignizirovanny polyp (the malignancy is established histologically): 1 — the lower branch — a polyp, upper branch — a fold of a mucous membrane; 2 — kelectomes.

Fig. 18. A polypectomy by means of a diathermic loop: 1 — the polyp tightened at the basis a diathermic loop; 2 — an insulating cover of a loop.

Fig. 19. Fungoid cancer (it is specified by shooters).

Fig. 20. Saucer-shaped cancer: 1 — a zone of disintegration: 2 — the site of an infiltrative shaft.

Fig. 21. Ulcer and infiltrative cancer: 1 — an ulcer in a zone of cancer infiltration; 2 — the fiberscope.

Fig. 22. Diffusion cancer (1) of a back wall of antral department of a stomach (2 — a mucous membrane of a front wall).

Fig. 23. Back gastroenteroanastomosis: the place of transition from a stomach (1) to a small bowel (2),

Fig. 24. The operated stomach (according to Billroth of II): 1 — a zone of an anastomosis; 2 — the taking-away loop of a small bowel; 3 — the bringing loop of a small bowel.

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