STEPANOV Alexander Vasilyevich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

STEPANOV Alexander Vasilyevich (1872 — 1946) — the Soviet chemist-organik, the founder of judicial chemistry in the USSR; Dr.Sci.Biol., professor, zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1934).

STEPANOV Alexander Vasilyevich

In 1901 ended medical f-t Moscow un-that. Defended the dissertation on degree of the master of pharmacy on «To a Question of Conditions of Decomposition of Potassium Iodide in an Organism depending on Stay of Nitrites in It». Worked as the laboratory assistant, since 1915 the assistant, and then (since 1919) privatdozent Moscow un-that. In 1922 organized department of organic chemistry, to-ruyu headed till 1946. In 1920 created the USSR's first department of judicial chemistry on chemical and pharmaceutical f-those the 2nd MSU (nowadays the 2nd MMI), the cut directed till 1930, at the same time carried out advisory work in court. - medical laboratories. Since 1932 headed judicial and chemical department State research in-that forensic medicine. In-that where in 1936 — 1941 managed department organic was one of initiators of creation Moscow pharmaceutical, and in 1942 — 1946 — judicial chemistry. In 1935 organized laboratory of carbohydrates at VIEM and directed it till 1941

A. V. Stepanov published apprx. 100 scientific works on organic, judicial, criminalistic and industrial and sanitary chemistry, including textbooks on analytical, organic and judicial chemistry.

In the field of organic chemistry its researches devoted to definition of halogens in organic compounds, to studying of nitroderivative carbohydrates, in particular active forms of sugars, reactivity of 6-phosphate-glucose are most significant. In the field of judicial and industrial and sanitary chemistry are developed by it a method of oxidation of organic compounds a chamois to - that and ammonium nitrate, the accelerated method of isolation of alkaloids from objects of a plant origin, a micromethod of definition of mercury.

A. V. Stepanov was a member of the Academic council Narkomzdrava RSFSR, the member of bureau of Pharmacopoeian committee of the USSR, the editor of a redotdel «Pharmacology, a pharmacognosy, pharmaceutical chemistry, toxicology, judicial chemistry, a compounding» of 1 prod. BME.

It is awarded the order the Labour Red Banner.

Works: To a question of conditions of decomposition of potassium iodide in an organism depending on finding in it of nitrites, a yew., M., 1901; To a question of quantitative definition of chloroform, M., 1902; Course of organic chemistry, M., 1946; Judicial chemistry (chemical and toxicological analysis) and definition of professional poisons, M., 1951.

Bibliography: Memories of the honored worker of science professor Alexander Vasilyevich Stepanov, Pharmaceutical business, t. 5, No. 3, page 63, 1956; Shvaykova M. D., Stepanenko B. N. and Rubtsov A. F. Alexander Vasilyevich Stepanov (To the 100 anniversary since birth), Pharmacy, t. 21, No. 4, page 92, 1972.

A. F. Rubtsov.