STANLEY Wendell (Stanley Wendell Meredith, 1904 — 1971) — the American biochemist and the virologist, the member of National academy of Sciences of the USA (1941), the Nobel Prize laureate (1946).
In 1926 left Erlemsky college. After defense of a thesis on organic chemistry since 1929 worked in Illinois un-those, in 1930 trained in Munich un-those (Germany), in 1931 worked in Rock Feller in-those medical researches (New York); in 1932 passed in Rock Feller in-t in Princeton. Since 1948 professor Californian un-that in Berkeley where till 1969 directed the virologic laboratory created by it and at the same time headed departments of biochemistry (1948 — 1953) and virology (1958 — 1964).
U. Stanley's researches are devoted to hl. obr. chemistry of steroids and stereochemistry of diphenyls; to studying of chemical structure of viruses, their biochemistry and biophysics, mechanisms of a reproduction and mutations; to problems of cancer and organization of fight against malignant new growths. In the years of World War II (1939 — 1945) of U. Stanley, executing the order of army, developed an anti-influenza vaccine. He for the first time got viruses in a crystal look (in 1935 — a virus of a tobacco mosaic, and in 1955 — a virus of poliomyelitis of the person) that promoted further receiving pure drugs of viruses. U. Stanley created school of the American virologists-biochemists.
He was the WHO expert and the member of a number of national academies, was elected the president of the X International anticarcinogenic congress (1970).
It is conferred the Nobel Prize for a research of chemical composition of viruses together with Sumner (J. In .Sumner) and Northrop (J. N of Northrop).
Works: Isolation of crystalline protein possessing the properties of tobacco-mosaic virus, Science, v. 81, p. 644, 1935; Virus composition and structure, Fed. Proc., v. 15, p. 812, 1956; About the nature of viruses, genes and life, in book: Emergence of life on the earth, under the editorship of A. I. Oparin, etc., page 317, M., 1959; The viruses, v. 1—3, N. Y., 1959 (edition sovm. with Burnet F. M); Viruses and the nature of life, the lane with English, M., 1963 (sovm. with Velens E.).
I. G. Balangding.