STAKHIBOTRIOTOKSIKOZ — the fungal intoxication proceeding it is good-quality with the phenomena of rhinitis, catarral quinsy and a superficial toxidermia.
In the USSR S. at horses for the first time were studied by V. G. Drobotjko, K. I. Vertinsky, etc. in 1937 — 38.
V. A. Fartushny, A. M. Govorov, etc. reported about S. at cattle in 1959. At the person S. described V. G. Drobotko, P.E. Ma-rusenko, etc. in 1946.
Activator The page — Stachybotrys alternans belongs to typical tsellyulozorazrushitel and under natural conditions develops on wet substrates (a solokhma, the moistened hay, etc.); meets also in the soil. The fungus — an aerobe, well grows on Capek's agar, Saburo's circles (see. Saburo of the environment ). Optimum temperature of development 20-25 °.
Development patol. process it is caused by toxicant of a fungus — stakhibotriotoksiny, the possessing local and systemic effect.
The disease occurs at people seldom. Usually it arises at the persons who are looking after horses, cattle, sheep and nek-ry other animals. Infection occurs at contact with the straw infected with a fungus.
Clinically The page at people is shown in a look dermatitis (see), catarral quinsies (see), rhinitis (see) and conjunctivitis (see). Damages of skin can be on a face, in axillary and subnodal hollows, a crotch, and at women and on skin around chest glands. Cough, cold are observed (sometimes with bloody separated). General satisfactory condition. In isolated cases complaints to a headache, the general weakness, fatigue are noted small temperature increase. 4 — 6 days later the listed symptoms disappear. Healing of skin defeats can drag on.
Treatment — symptomatic.
Prevention The page consists in the prevention of hit of fine particles of straw on skin and especially on mucous membranes of a mouth and a nose for what protective clothes, gloves, respirators at patient care are used by animals.
See also Mikotoksikoza .