SOLOVOV Pyotr Dmitriyevich (1875 — 1940) — the Soviet surgeon and the urologist, zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1940).
Upon termination of in 1898 medical f-that Moscow un-that worked as the intern of hospital surgical clinic under the direction of L. L. Lev tire. In 1902 for 1909 the surgeon in territorial-tsakh the Voronezh, Penza, Ekaterinoslavsky provinces. In 1908 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «Gastroenterostomy on Gakkera — to Brown». From 1910 to 1914 the intern of surgical department of the 1st city-tsy and at the same time (since 1912) privatdozent Moscow un-that. In 1910 — 1913 trained in surgical and urological clinics of Berlin, Krakow, the Würzburg, Leipzig, Paris. During World War I (1914 — 1918) was in the military service as the surgeon. In the years of civil war and intervention (1918 — 1920) worked in hospitals of Red Army. Since 1920 professor of hospital surgical clinic of the 2nd MSU. Since 1926 the manager surgical department-tsy of S. P. Botkin and on the same base since 1934 directed department of surgery of TsIU.
P. D. Solovov published St. 60 scientific works, including 4 monographs, on problems of the general surgery and urology. His book «Technique of a Research of Surgical Patients» (1922) — the first in domestic literature guide to this subject. In 1930 he together with employees published the USSR's first radiological atlas of urological diseases. It possesses the classical monograph «Dozing Infection in Fabrics and Bodies» which did not lose the value and now. Prepared by P. D. Solovov (together with V. N. Prebsting) the book «Streptocide» (1938) promoted implementation of streptocides in practice of treatment of surgical infections. Other its works are devoted to studying of a pathogeny of acute pancreatitis and early diagnosis of tumors of kidneys, change of ureters in intestines, to the forecast at patients with one kidney, urology of children's age. He developed a method of radical operational treatment of posttraumatic strictures of a webby and perineal part of an urethra — Solovov (1935) operation (see. Urethra ); studying tuberculosis of bodies of urinogenital system, established a canalicular way of penetration of a specific infection to an epididymis and suggested to make with the preventive purpose bandaging of a deferent duct on the healthy party.
Was a member of editorial boards of magazines «New Surgery», «Soviet Surgery», «Surgery».
Works: Gastroenterostomy on Hacker — Braun’ at, a yew., M., 1908; Technique of a research of surgical patients, M., 1922; Urology of children's age, Shurn. sovr. hir., t. 4, century 19, page 78, 1929; The X-ray atlas of surgical diseases of urinogenital system, M. — L., 1930 (sovm. with other); The Dozing infection in fabrics and bodies, M. — D., 1931, M., 1940; Destiny of the patient with one kidney, Owls. wedge., t. 19, No. 3-4, page 541, 1933; Changes of a basin with injury of a bladder and urethra, Vestn. hir., t. 37, book 105-107, page 36, 1935; Streptocide, M. — D., 1938 (sovm. with Prebsting V. N.); Current state of a question of an origin of an acute pancreatonecrosis, Soobshch. 2, Surgery, No. 12, page 67 1940.’
Bibliography: Zabludowsky A. Prof. P. D. Solovov, Vestn. hir., t. 61 No. 3, page 422, 1941; Pytel A. Ya. and Gudyns cue Ya. V. Pyotr Dmitriyevich Solovov (K 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya) Urol. and nefrol., No. 2, page 7, 1975; F r at A. P m-kin. Honored worker of science prof. Pyotr Dmitriyevich Solovov, Surgery, No. 3, page 3, 1946.
A. Ya. Pytel.