SMOLYANNIKOV Anatoly Vladimirovich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

SMOLYANNIKOV Anatoly Vladimirovich (sort. in 1913) — the Soviet pathologist, the academician of AMH (1975), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1974).

In 1936 ended Medical in-t in Rostov-on-Don, worked in the same place at department patol. anatomy under the leadership of Sh. I. Krinitsky, was involved in the Soviet Finnish war (1939 — 1940). Since 1940 at department patol. anatomy of VMA in Kuibyshev, since 1942 in the Central pathoanatomical laboratory of the Soviet Army (in 1950 — 1962 the chief of laboratory). In 1947 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «Pathological Anatomy of Fire Fractures of Bones in an Early Phase of Their Current» (work is conferred the 1st award at a competition of an editorial board of the work «Experience of the Soviet Medicine in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945.»). At the same time in 1953 — 1962 directed pathoanatomical department of the Moscow Scientific Research Institute of Emergency Medicine of N. V. Sklifosovsky. Since 1962 headed department patol. anatomy of TsIU of doctors, since 1980 the consultant of the same department and the head of pathoanatomical department of the Central hospital of M3 of RSFSR.

A. V. Smolyannikov published St. 170 scientific works; he is an author and the editor of a number of monographs and collective works. It in detail studied problems of pathology of a fighting injury — gas gangrene, suppuration of a bone wound (fire osteomyelitis), sepsis and other its infectious complications, wound ballistics. Results of these researches were reflected in the collective «Guide to pathological anatomy of a fighting injury» (1962). It also develops problems of coronary heart disease — a pathogeny of sudden death, a myocardial infarction, chronic coronary insufficiency; it allocated to one of the first coronary heart disease from the general group of the syndromes connected with atherosclerosis. A number of works of A. V. Smolyannikov is devoted to questions of an onkomorfologiya; it published the monograph «Morphological Diagnosis of Tumours of Mesenchymal Genesis» (1969); he is a coauthor and the coeditor of the first Soviet management «Pathoanatomical diagnosis of tumors of the person». It possesses also works concerning the organization of prosection business.

In 1979 it is conferred an award of A. I. Abrikosov.

A. V. Smolyannikov is the deputy academician-secretary of Department of medicobiological sciences of AMN, the chairman of the board Moscow and the deputy chairman of the board Vsesoyuzny scientific about-in pathologists, the deputy editor-in-chief of the Archive of Pathology magazine, the editor redotdet «Pathological anatomy» of BME, the member of council on medicobiological sciences and the member of a plenum according to appeals of VAK.

It is awarded by two awards of the Red Star and medals.

Works: To evolution of a bullet wound of a bone, Arkh. patol., t. 8, No. 4, page 3, 1946; Pathological anatomy of fire fractures of long tubular bones in early phases of their current, a yew., M., 1947; To a question of the mechanism of development of anaerobic gangrene of a wound, Arkh. patol., t. 12, No. 5, page 44, 1950; Experience of the Soviet medicine in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945, t. 15, page 169, t. 34, page 17, M., 1952, t. 35, page 15, M., 1955 (bus of a number of hl.); The multivolume guide to pathological anatomy, under the editorship of A. I. Strukov, t. 6, page 13, 69, M., 1962, t. 9, page 485, M., 1964 (bus of a number of hl.); Questions of pathological anatomy and pathogeny of coronary insufficiency and coronary atherosclerosis, M., 1963 (sovm. from Naddachina T. A.); Coronary insufficiency in medicolegal practice, M., 1966 (sovm. with other); Morphological diagnosis of tumors of soft tissues, M., 1969; Guide to pathoanatomical diagnosis of tumors of the person, 1st prod., M., 1971, 3 prod., M., 1982 (bus of a number of hl. and edition sovm. with other); Principles of drawing up the pathoanatomical diagnosis, M., 1977 (sovm. with other).

Bibliography: Anatoly Vladimirovich Smolyannikov (To the 60 anniversary since birth), Arkh. patol., t. 36, century 1, page 93, 1974.

N. A. Krayevsky.