SISAKYAN Norayr Martirosovich (1907 — 1966) — the Soviet biochemist, the academician of Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1960) and AN Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1965), the winner of the State award USSR (1952). Member of the CPSU.
In 1932 graduated from the Moscow agricultural academy of K. A. Timiryazev. In 1935 — 1966 the manager worked in Ying-those biochemistry of A. N. Bach with Academy of Sciences of the USSR the research associate. laboratory, deputy director. In 1940 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «Biochemical Characteristic of Drought Resistance of Plants». In 1959 — 1963 the academician-secretary of Department of biological sciences of Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Since 1963 the member of Presidium and the Chief scientific secretary of Presidium of Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Since 1965 the vice-president of the International academy of astronautics.
H. M. Sisakyan is an author more than 400 scientific works, including 4 monographs devoted to hl. obr. to studying of enzymatic activity of protoplasma structures, clarification of proteinaceous and nucleinic composition of chloro-layers and establishment of their ability to synthesize peptide bonds; to disclosure of the enzymatic nature of drought resistance of plants and creation of the biochemical theory of resistance of cells to dehydration; to opening and studying of biochemical rhythms in metabolism of plants; to a research of various aspects of bioastronautics and medicine. Researches H had wide practical value. M. Sisakyana in the field of technical biochemistry, creation of scientific bases of rational technology of winemaking, drying and dehydration of foodstuff.
H. M. Sisakyan was the vice-chairman of VAK, hl. editor of magazines «Vestshsh of Academy of Sciences of the USSR», «News of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Series Biological», hl. the editor of many collections concerning biology and bioastronautics; took active part in work of the international scientific organizations: was a member of UNESCO advisory committee, the member of executive council of UNESCO, the president of the XIII session of the UNESCO General Conference.
It is awarded by awards of the Labour Red Banner (two) and «the Sign of Honour», medals. The world Council of the World it is awarded by the certificate of honor and a silver medal (1959).
Name H. M. Sisakyana the crater on the Moon is called.
Works: The biochemical characteristic of drought resistance plants, M. — JI., 1940; Biochemistry of winemaking, Saturday. 1 — 7, M. — L., 1947 — 1963 (bus of a number of the Art.); Enzymatic activity of protoplasma structures, M., 1951; Biochemistry of a metabolism, M., 1954; Biochemistry of plastids, in book: Vopr. botanists of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, under the editorship of V. B. Sochava and O. V. Zalensky, century 1, page 195, M. — L., 1954; Biological problems of space flights, Vestn. Academy of Sciences of the USSR, No. 6 of page 31, 1961.
Bibliography: Norayr Martirosovich Sisakyan, sost. R. I. Goryacheva, M., 1967.
I. A. Egorov.