SHOUP Richard

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

SHBUP Richard (Shope Richard Edwin, 1901 — 1966) is the American

virologist, the member of National academy of Sciences of the USA, the American academy of Sciences and arts.

Graduated from medical faculty un-that the State of Iowa, the doctor of medicine since

1924. Since 1925 its scientific activity is connected with Rock Feller un-volume. In the beginning it worked in the Princeton department un-that, and since 1952 in New York.

R. Shoup gained wide popularity thanks to works on studying of an etiology of flu (see). He established the virus nature of flu of pigs in 1931 that promoted opening of the causative agent of flu. Studying of flu of pigs allowed R. Shoup to suggest about proximity of the causative agent of flu of pigs to the causative agent of human flu. In 1932 — 1933 R. Shoup described viral tumors at mammals — the fibroma and papilloma of wild rabbits known as Shoup's fibroma and Shoup's papilloma (see. Oncogenous viruses). Shoup's papilloma capable to be transformed to cancer served as model for studying of a virus carcinogenesis (see Oncology, Oncology experimental). R. Shoup developed a live virus vaccine against plague of a cattle.

R. Shoup was a member London royal about-va, the honorary member of the American veterinary association, and also the member of others American and foreign scientific about - century

of Works: Filtrable virus causing a tumor-like condition in rabbits and its relationship to virus myxomatosum, J. exp. Med., v. 56, p. 803, 1932; Transmissible tumorlike condition in rabbits, ibid., p. 793; Infectious papillomatosis of rabbits, with note on histopathology, ibid., v. 58, p. 607, 1933 (sovm. with Hurst E. W.); Swine lungworm as a reservoir and intermediate host for swine influenza virus, ibid., v. 77, p. 127, 1943.

Bibliography: Andrewes of Page H. Dr. Richard Shope, Nature (Lond.), v. 212, p. 460, 1966. H. P. Mazurenko.