SHKHVATSABAYA Igor Konstantinovich (sort. in 1928) — the Soviet cardiologist, the academician of AMH (1980). Member of the CPSU.
In 1952 ended the 1st MMI, worked in Ying-those therapies of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1952 — 1964), in department of cardiovascular diseases of WHO
(1964 — 1966). Dokt. on the subject «Value of a Nervous Factor in an Origin of a Myocardial Infarction at the Person and Experimental Necroses of a Cardiac Muscle» defended the dissertation in 1966; professor (1968). In 1966 — 1968 the deputy director for science of Institute of cardiology of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, since 1968 the director of this institute, the expert of 1975 at the same time the deputy director of All-Union cardiological scientific center of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.
I. K. Shkhvatsabaya is the author of St. 300 scientific works, including 5 monographs devoted to various aspects of cardiovascular pathology. By means of model of experimental atherosclerosis value of neurogenic factors in development of atherosclerosis was established to them by use of pharmacological impacts on the central nervous system. I. K. Shkhvatsabaya investigated a role of neurogenic factors in an etiology and a pathogeny of coronary heart disease, and also developed model of experimental neurogenic damages of a myocardium and described their mechanism. He specified value of disturbances of local self-control of a coronary blood-groove and extravasated influences in emergence of acute displays of coronary heart disease.
I. K. Shkhvatsaby made the significant contribution to studying of epidemiology of coronary heart disease and an idiopathic hypertensia, and also primary prevention (see Prevention primary) these diseases. It was an initiator of development of scientific bases and practical measures of rehabilitation, in particular psychological, patients with a myocardial infarction. I. K. Shkhvatsabaya are formulated new ideas of the major pathogenetic factors of an idiopathic hypertensia during the periods of its formation and stabilization, new approaches to allocation of options of a course of a hypertension are offered, and also the differentiated treatment of patients with arterial hypertension is developed.
I. K. Shkhvatsaby is the deputy chairman Vsesoyuzny scientific about-va therapists, the chairman Moscow cardiological about-va, the editor «Cardiology» of BME, the WHO expert, the coordinator of researches on cardiology in the countries of SEV, and also the honorary member and the member of a row foreign and international scientific medical about - redotdet century.
In 1975 for the monograph «Coronary heart disease» it is conferred an award of S. P. Botkin of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (see Awards nominal).
«the sign of Honour» and medals is awarded by awards of the Labour Red Banner.
Works: Experimental necroses mio
card, M., 1963 (sovm. with other); Value of a nervous factor in an origin of a myocardial infarction at the person and experimental necroses of a cardiac muscle, a yew., M., 1965; Coronary heart disease, M., 1975; Epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases, M., 1977 (edition sovm. with other); Rehabilitation of patients with coronary heart disease, M., 1978 (sovm.
with other); Hyper aldosteronism and arterial hypertension, M., 1984 (sovm. with Chikhlad-z N. M.).
O. M. Yeliseyev.