SHEVKUNENKO Victor Nikolaevich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

SHEVKUNYONKO Victor Nikolaevich (1872 — 1952) — Soviet topo-grafoanaty and the surgeon, the academician of AMH (1944). zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1935), winner of the State award USSR (1943). Of an ener of l lieutenant of medical service.


After the termination in 1895 VMA worked in surgical clinic of academy under the leadership of V. A. Ratimov. In

1898 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «Modern Treatment of a Clubfoot». After the foreign business trip and several years of work in clinic was engaged in development of questions of topographical anatomy and the surgical equipment. In 1912 — 1948 headed department of operational surgery and topographical anatomy of VMA. Since 1948 professor-consultant of VMA. Along with 1928 for 1941 U V GUIDE managed similar department Leningrad. In days of the Great Patriotic War was a consultant (since 1943). Main military sa

nitarny management of Red Army.

V. N. Shevkunenko is the author of 50 scientific works, including the first domestic capital guide to operational surgery (see) and the guides to topographical anatomy (see). Scientific activity of V. N. Shevkunenko was devoted to questions of standard and age variation anthropotomy. According to its doctrine the structure and topography of human organs are not constants and change with age. Individual and age distinctions give in to systematization, can be united on the basis of data on evolutionary development in several certain types (see the Constitution). Practical result of the doctrine of V. N. Shevkunenko was development of a number of the quick accesses to various bodies developed by it and his pupils taking into account standard and age topografoanatomichesky features.

V. N. Shevkunenko established existence of two types of branching of large arterial trunks — main and loose. The big contribution is made by it and his pupils in studying of vascular collaterals of venous system (see the Call rubbed it is scarlet also vascular). V. N. Shevkunenko's works on an innervation of the alimentary system, orthopedics and other questions are known. The state award USSR it was conferred for development of «The atlas of peripheral nervous and venous systems».


V. N. Shevkunenko was one of founders of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, the board member Vsesoyuznogo scientific about-va anatomists, histologists and embryologists, the board member Vsesoyuznogo scientific about-va surgeons, the editor of the surgical section of 1 prod. BME, deputy chief editor of the Encyclopaedic dictionary of military medicine.

Scientific activity of V. N. Shevkunenko and his school, representatives a cut are G1. A. Kupriyanov, And. H. M of aksimenok, A. V. Melnikov, F. I. Valker, N. V. Anta lava, etc., played a significant role in development of topographical anatomy and operational surgery in the USSR. Noting V. N. Shevkunenko's contribution to domestic medicine, the Council of ministers of the USSR founded the award of V. N. Shevkunenko awarded by Presidium of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences for works on topographical anatomy and operational surgery.

It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin (three), Red Banners (two), Labour Red Banners, Patriotic war of the I degree, the Red Star and medals.

Works: Modern treatment of a clubfoot, yew., SPb., 1898; The Course of operational surgery with anatomo-topographical data, the 1st prod., t. 1 — 3, M. — L., 1927 — 1931, 3 prod., t. 1 — 2, M. — L., 1938

(edition); Short course of operational surgery, 1st prod., L., 1935, 3 prod., M. — L., 1938 (edition); The Course of topographical anatomy, M. — JI., 1935 (edition); Standard anthropotomy, M. — JI., 1935 (sovm. with Gese-levich A. M.); Short course of operational surgery with topographical anatomy, the 1st prod., M., 1944, 3 prod., L., 1951 (edition sovm. with Maksimenkov A. N.).

Bibliography: Margorin E. M.,

V. I. Shevkunenko, 1872 — 1952, L., 1963; M and l and sh to and A. G., V. N. Shevkunenko, M.'s N, 1978; The Collection of works devoted to the 40 anniversary of scientific and educational activity of V. N. Shevkunenko, t. 1, L., 1937.

S. T. Boldyrev.

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