SHCHELOVANOV Nikolay Matveevich (1892 — 1984) is the Soviet physiologist, the member correspondent of AMH (1946). The member of the CPSU since 1945.
In 1911 ended Psychoneurological in-t (nowadays Leningrad sanitary and and e-nichesky medical in-t). In 1917 was
V. M. Bekhterev's assistant at department of reflexology of it in-that.
In 1918 — 1931 worked in Ying-those a brain where created and headed department and clinic of studying of development of higher nervous activity of the baby. In 1931 the department and clinic were transferred to Moscow and the Crimea H are reorganized into department Central scientific in-that protection of motherhood and an infancy (nowadays Ying t of pediatrics of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences). M. Shchelovanov directed till 1961
H. M. Shchelovanov — one of founders of an ontogenetic method of development of problems of century of N of of the person. He offered one of the first and applied new experimental methods of comparative study of the highest mental functions of the person and animals. H. M. Shchelovanov showed that formation of the main functions of hemicerebrums at the person happens in the 1st month of life. During the same period the dominating role of hemicerebrums in relation to underlying formations of a nervous system is defined. The specified features cause basic distinctions in development of c. N of page of the person and animals. For many years H. M. Shchelovanov studied features of formation and development of the highest mental functions of the person during the post-natal period and within the first 2 — 3 years of life (see Pediatrics). The obtained data formed the basis of the educational system of children of early age developed by it with employees providing full and harmonious development of all mental and physical inclinations of children and also physiologically reasonable modes for children of early age are offered.
«the sign of Honour» and medals is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, the Labour Red Banner.
Works: Regime of children of early age in day nursery and children's homes, Kazan, 1953 (sovm. from Aksarina N. M.); V. M. Bekhterev's Contribution to the doctrine about a brain and mentality, M., 1958 (sovm. with other); Education of children of early age in child care facilities, M., 1960 (an edition sovm. from Aksarina N. M.); Development and education of the child from the birth up to three years, M., 1969 (edition).
Bibliography: Achievements of biological sciences in the USSR in 25 years, 1917 — 1942, under the editorship of L. A. Orbeli, page 26, M. — L., 1945.
L. M. Chuppina.