SHAAK Wilhelm Adolfowitsch

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

SHAAK Wilhelm Adolfovich (1880 — 1957) is the Soviet surgeon, the doctor of medicine (1914), professor (1921), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1940).

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In 1903 ended VMA. From 1904 to 1907 there was the doctor assistant of surgical department of children's hospital in St. Petersburg (nowadays hospital of K. A. Ra-ukhfus), then the surgeon of infirmary Ob-va of the Red Cross. In



1907 — 1909 it was improved in clinics of Berlin, Vienna, London, Paris. In 1909 — 1910 worked as the surgeon in the Obukhovsk hospital in St. Petersburg. Since 1910 the assistant to department of faculty surgical clinic St. Petersburg women's medical in-that (nowadays the 1st Leningrad medical in-t). From 1921 to 1942 managed this department. At the same time in 1922 — 1937 directed surgical department of the Leningrad children's hospital of N. F. Filatov and then department of children's surgery Leningrad pediatric in-that, created on the basis of this department. In 1947 — 1954 worked in Radiological in-those (nowadays Central research X-ray radiological with in-t).

V. A. Shaak is an author apprx. 140 scientific works but to various questions of surgery. One of the first in our country he applied sewing together of vessels to treatment of a varicosity of the lower extremities (a sa-phenofemoral anastomosis), began to develop questions of local (preferential conduction) anesthesia and together with L. A. Andreyev published the monograph about a local anesthesia in surgery (1928).

V. A. Shaak possesses a number of works about operational treatment of purulent diseases of lungs and pleurae, diseases of a rectum, thyroid gland; a specific place is held by works of V. A. Shaak and his pupils devoted to questions of a splenectomy. He took part in creation of the large guides to surgery.

V. A. Shaak was elected the chairman Hirurgicheskogo about-va of N. I. Pirogov (1933, 1937), was

its honorary member.

Works: Changes of blood and the hemopoietic bodies after amputations and eksartikulya-tion, a yew., Yuryev, 1914; The Local anesthesia in surgeries, the 1st prod., M. — JI.,

1926, 2 prod., 1928 (sovm. with Andreyev JI. And.); General surgery, t. 1 — 2, M. — L., 1928 (bus of a number of hl. and edition sovm. with other); The Textbook of a specialty surgery, M. — L., 1940 (sovm. with other); Specialty surgery, t. 1 — 3, M. — L., 1941 (bus of a number of hl. and edition sovm. with other); Carcinoma of the stomach, his diagnosis and treatment, L., 1947.

Bibliography: Kolesov W. I. Wilhelm Adolfovich Shaak, Vestn. hir., t. 78, No. 6, page 155, 1957; About to about l about in V. L.,

V. A. Shaak (1880 — 1957), M., 1984.

V. I. Kolesov.

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