SEYCHELLES — the island state in the western part of the Indian Ocean. Consists of 89 islands, the general territory to-rykh makes 0,4 thousand km 2 . Population of 60 thousand people (1980). The capital and the main port — Victoria (15 thousand zhit., 1979). Ofits. language — English, however most of the population speaks on a local Creole dialect.
As a result of long-term fight of the people against the English colonial domination the government of England was forced to provide in 1976 S. to the lake independence. In 1979 the constitution of the country is adopted, according to S.'s cut of the lake are announced by the republic, the head of state is the president, and legislature — National assembly.
Climate of the country — equatorial, sea.
The basis of the economy of S. of the lake — agriculture. Apprx. 60% of the processed lands it is busy under plantations of coconut palm trees. The population is engaged also in fishing. The industry is developed poorly, there are only small plants on processing of page - x. raw materials.
The population of the country — Creoles, Africans, Indians, Chinese; also small number of Europeans lives. The main vital rates in 1980, on the materials published in editions of WHO (for 1000 the population): birth rate 28,9, general mortality 7,0, natural increase 21,9. Child mortality 24,0 on 1000 live-born, average life expectancy of 66 years.
Helminthoses are among the most widespread diseases, went. - kish. diseases, anemias, diseases connected with insufficiency of food, children's infections. Among causes of death the main place belongs to malaria, a leprosy, tuberculosis.
The health service in the country is headed by the Ministry of Labour, Health and Welfare, a cut bears responsibility for all types medical - a dignity. service of the population.
In 1975 in the country would function one main on 142 beds and 4-tsy on 104 beds. Besides, in the country is available 11 institutions, the specializing hl. obr. on health protection of mother and child. (Names and content of work of healthcare institutions of S. of the lake not completely correspond to the concepts accepted in the USSR — see. Treatment and prevention facilities abroad .)
As of 1975, in the country 21 doctors (only 5 of them were aboriginals), 3 dentists, 1 druggist, 3 laboratory assistants and 1 X-ray technician, 100 midwifes and 34 nurses worked. The government pursues policy of training of national medical staff eventually to replace foreign specialists.
Bibliography: Health care of foreign countries, under the editorship of O. P, Shchepin, page 203, M., 1981; Countries of the world, Short political and economic reference book, page 322, M., 1980; World health statistics, 1982, Vital statistics and causes of death, p. 12, etc., Geneva, 1982.
A. A. Rozov.