SERBIAN Vladimir Petrovich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

SERBIAN Vladimir Petrovich (1858 — 1917) — the domestic psychiatrist, the colleague and S. S. Korsakov's successor in development of clinical, scientific and organizational and practical fundamentals of domestic psychiatry; one of founders of the Moscow school of psychiatrists.

SERBIAN Vladimir Petrovich

F-you ended physical and mathematical (1880) and medical (1883) Moscow un-that. M. F. Becker (1883 — 1885), and then in the Vienna psychiatric clinic of T. Meynert studied psychiatry under the leadership of S. S. Korsakov in a psychiatric clinic. In 1885 moved to Tambov to take part in reorganization of territorial psychiatry. Since 1887 the senior assistant, since 1900 the department chair, and since 1903 professor of department of psychiatry Moscow un-that. At the same time (since 1892)

V. P. Serbian as the privatdozent taught judicial psychiatry on legal and medical f-takh Moscow un-that. In 1911 in protest at actions of the reactionary minister of education Kasso left un-t.

As well as S. S. Korsakov, V. P. Serbian developed questions of a symptomatology and clinic of the main forms of psychoses (a mania, melancholy, an amentia, etc.). These researches allowed it the first among domestic and foreign psychiatrists to carry psychoses of young age (a catatonia and a hebephrenia) to early weak-mindedness of Morel (1890). That V. P. Serbian anticipated the similar conclusion of E. Krepelin made in 1896. Further (1902 — 1912) it formulated the main, become from now on classical, criteria of allocation of those cases of early weak-mindedness, to-rye later were called nuclear or zlokachestvenno the proceeding schizophrenia.

V. P. Serbsky criticized the concept «endogenous psychoses» entered by E. Krepelin, proceeding, first of all, from features of the forecast, to-ry depends as on set internal (the personality, a sex, age of an onset of the illness, type of her current, etc.), and external (time of hospitalization, condition of keeping, treatment) factors. Among a pathopsyhosis there is the greatest attention of V. P. Serbian gave to a research of korsakov-sky psychosis. Results of its researches were generalized in the monograph published in German.

V. P. Serbsky developed the original theoretical positions and the organizational principles of domestic judicial psychiatry, and also clinical criteria of expert estimates of the main forms of mental diseases. He noted importance of establishment psi-hol. criterion «to imputation» also proved that establishment of the diagnosis of a mental disease does not resolve an issue of diminished responsibility yet; not any mental disease imprisons sick judgment and the choice of an image of action; it is important to establish degree and depth of a mental disease. V. P's work. Serbian «Judicial psychopathology» was the Russia's first management, in Krom from methodologically correct positions questions of the forensic-psychiatric theory and practice were taken up. Views and V. P's installations. Serbian were a basis of development of the Soviet judicial psychiatry.

V. P. Serbsky supported introduction of labor therapy, system of patronage, decentralization of mental health services with tselyo its approximations to the population. It the first in domestic psychiatry began to combine system of not constraint with systematic psychotherapeutic treatment mentally sick, and also promoted distribution of psychotherapeutic knowledge. Being, according to P. B. Gannushkin, a psychiatrist «with sharply expressed public instinct», V. P. Serbian in case of disturbance of the rights mentally sick with authorities acted orally or in the press with their revelations. Events of revolution of 1905 and the subsequent repressions made him the open opponent of autocracy. At the II congress of psychiatrists (1905) with its direct participation the resolution accusing the government that the political and social situation created by it in the country promotes emergence and growth of mental diseases was adopted. Performance of B. P. Serbian in 1911 at the first congress of the Russian union of psychiatrists and neuropathologists, containing a protest against oppression and violence of a tsarism, was a reason for closing of a congress with the authorities.

V. P. Serbsky was an associate editor and the editor «Magazine of neuropathology and psychiatry of C. S. Korsakova», the vice-chairman and the chairman Moscow about-va neuropathologists and psychiatrists, the creator of the Moscow psychiatric circle «Small Fridays». He managed to show value and S. S. Korsakov's greatness for Russia and the Russian psychiatry. During its zavedyvaniye were finally created by psychiatric clinic as clinical physicians and figures of public psychiatry P. B. Gannushkin and T. A. Geyer. V. P pupils. Serbian there were M. M. Asatiani, I. N. Vvedensky, M. O. Gurevich, E. N. Dovbnya, L. M. Rosenstein.

Name of V. P. Serbian it is appropriated All-Union research in-that to the general and judicial psychiatry.

Works: The forms of a mental disorder described under the name of catatonias, M., 1890; Judicial psychopathology, century 1 — 2, M., 1895 — 1900; To the characteristic of scientific value of Sergey Sergeyevich Korsakov, Vopr. philosopher, and psikhol., book 5 (60), page XIII, 1901; To a question of early weak-mindedness (Dementia praecox), Zhurn. neuropath. and ps-ikhiat., book 1-2, page 33, 1902; The Management to studying of sincere diseases, M., 1906; Die Korsakowsche Krank-heit, Arb. neuroJ. Inst. Wien. Univ., Bd 15, S. 389, 1907; Short therapy of sincere diseases. M, 1911; Psychiatry, M., 1912.

Bibliography: It is entered with to and y I. N., V. P. Serbian and its role z the general and judicial psychiatry, in book: Probl. court. psikhiat., under the editorship of A. N. Buneev, Saturday. 7, page 7, M., 1957; Gannushkin P. B. Chosen works, page 265, M., 1964; R about - z e N sh t e y L. M., V. P's N. Serbian — the classic of the Moscow psychiatric school, in book: Psychogigabyte. and nevrol. researches, under the editorship of L. M. Rosenstein, page 7, M., 1928.

G.V. Morozov.