SCHWARTZ Stanislav Semenovich (1919 — 1976) is the Soviet ecologist, the academician of AN (1970). Member of the CPSU.
In 1941 being a student Leningrad state un-that the volunteer entered a national militia. After wound and a heavy contusion it was demobilized. In 1942 ended I LIE, having passed examinations without attending lectures, and worked as the senior zoologist in Gian-galinsky antiplague department. In
1943 — 1946 the graduate student I LIE. From 1946 to the last days lives worked in Ying-those biology (nowadays Ying t of plant ecology and animals) the Ural branch (center) of Academy of Sciences of the USSR: in 1952 — 1955 directed laboratory of population zooecology, and since 1955 was the director of institute. Dr.Sci.Biol. (1954); professor
S. S. Schwartz is the author of St. 260 scientific works, including 15 monographs devoted to environmental problems. He developed the doctrine about population as to an elementary form of existence of a look, proved idea of the leading value ekol. mechanisms in evolutionary process, showed the main ways of devices of vertebrate animals to conditions of the Subarctic region. In the last years of life S. S. Schwartz intensively worked on environmental problems of the person, chemical ecology, environmental control. For the theory of medicine its researches of the regulating role of products of metabolism in processes of growth and development of separate fabrics and bodies, problems of aging, ekol matter. factors of tumoral growth, etc. In 1972 for works on environmental issues it was conferred an award of Academy of Sciences of the USSR of A. N. Severtsov.
S. S. Schwartz was a member of a row Soviet and foreign scientific about-in, the organizer and the first editor-in-chief of the Ekologiya magazine.
It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, the October Revolution and medals.
Works: Ways of adaptation of land vertebrate animals to living conditions in the Subarctic region, t. 1, Mammals, Sverdlovsk, 1963; The Method of morpho-physiological indicators in ecology of land vertebrata, Sverdlovsk, 1968 (sovm. with other); Dialectics of development at the level of an organism and population, Zool. zhurn., t. 49, century 4, page 496, 1970; Evolution of the biosphere and ecological forecasting, Vestn. Academy of Sciences of the USSR, No. 2, page 61, 1976; Effect of group in populations of water animals and chemical ecology, M., 1976 (sovm. with other); Environmental problems of the person, in book: The new ideas in geography, under the editorship of Yu. V., Medvedkov, century 4, page 25, M., 1979; Ecological patterns of evolution, M., 1980.
Bibliography: Gilyarov M. S.,
S. S. Schwartz and his article «Environmental Problems of the Person», Vestn. Academy of Sciences of the USSR, No. 12, page 88, 1976; Danilov H. N. Rol of the academician S. S. Schwartz in development of ecology, Ecology, No. 2, page 5, 1979; Pavlinin V. N. Stanislav Semenovich Schwartz (To the fiftieth anniversary since birth), in book: Vopr. evolyuts. and populyatsion. ekol. animals, under the editorship of V. N. Pavlinin, page 5, Sverdlovsk, 1969.
V. N. Bolshakov.