SCHMIDT Alexander Aleksandrovich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

SCHMIDT Alexander Aleksandrovich (1892 — 1978) is the Soviet biochemist, the member correspondent of AMH (1960), the academician. Academies of Sciences of the Latvian SSR (1946), winner of the State award USSR (1951), winner of the State award of the Latvian SSR

(1972). Member of the CPSU.

In 1922 ended VMA. Being a listener of VMA, in 1919 — 1921 worked as the doctor in the Latvian shooting division.

In 1925-1935 worked as the assistant to department of biochemistry of VMA; since 1936 professor. From 1936 to 1945 managed department of biochemistry of the 2nd Leningrad medical in-that (nowadays Leningrad sanitary gi-giyeniche-sky medical in in-t) and at the same time in-that was director Vsesoyuznogo research vitamin (nowadays Vitaminy Scientific and production association). In 1945 — 1972 directed department of biochemistry medical f-that Latvian state un-that (nowadays Riga medical in in-t). Since 1972 directed department in Riga medical in-those. At the same time in 1946 — 1950 Ying t of food of Academy of Sciences of the Latvian SSR headed, and in 1952 — 1954 directed the sector of a metabolism and food of scientific research institute of experimental and clinical medicine of the Ministry of Health of the Latvian SSR. In 1946 — 1952 was akademi Departments of Department of agricultural, biological and medical sciences of Academy of Sciences of the Latvian SSR.

A. A. Schmidt is the author of 150 scientific works devoted to hl. obr. biochemistry and production technology of protein-vitamin drugs, insulin, vitamins, questions of biochemistry of food, including parenteral and medical. In days of the Great Patriotic War took active part in development and deployment of use of yeast in fight against proteinaceous and vitamin starvation.


State awards USSR is conferred for scientific research and implementation of industrial synthesis ascorbic to - you. For development and a way of receiving new domestic drug for parenteral food — fibrino-Sola is conferred the State award of the Latvian SSR.

A. A. Schmidt was the deputy of the Supreme Council of the Latvian SSR, the vice-chairman of Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Latvian SSR (1946 — 1954), the member of presidium of Vsesoyuzny scientific about-va biochemists, the chairman scientific about-va biochemists of the Latvian SSR, headed Academic medical council of the Ministry of Health of the Latvian SSR. He was an editor of a redotdel «Chemistry» of the 2nd prod. BME was also redotdet by «Biochemistry»

of the 3rd prod. BME, the editor-in-chief of the Popular medical encyclopedia of the Latvian SSR also headed medical department of the Small Latvian encyclopedia.

It is awarded by three Orders of Lenin, three awards of the Labour Red Banner and medals.

Works: Vitamins and modern problem of their use in food, the Works Le-ningr. medical higher education institution hospital of Mechnikov, t. 2, page 58, L., 1935; Polyneuramins of the theory and practice, L., 1937 (sovm. with Tulchin-sky To. 3.); Ascorbic acid, its nature and value in a live organism, M. — L., 1941; About disbolism at a radial illness, in book: Medical science — practice, under the editorship of P. Ya. Gerke, etc., page 18, Riga, 1960; Ensuring plastic and energy needs of an organism with a parenteral way (current state of a question and perspective), Vopr. pitas., t. 30, No. 2, page 3, 1971 (sovm. with Kremer Yu. N.); Ways of development of a problem of parenteral food, in book: Aktualn. vopr. parenteral pitas., under the editorship of V. A. Korzan, etc., page 17, Riga, 1972 (sovm. with Kremer Yu. N.).

Bibliography: Academician Alexander Aleksandrovich Schmidt, Biobibliografiya, sost.

V. F. Yauget, Riga, 1961; B of l yu of e r A. F. and Korzan V. A. Akademika Aleksandru Aleksandrovichu Shmidtu 85 years, Izv. AN of Latv. SSR, No. 3, page 130, 1977.,

A. F. Blyuger.