SHYOFER David Grigoryevich (1898 — 1978) is the Soviet neuropathologist and the neurosurgeon, zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1955).
After the termination in 1922 medical f-that Saratov un-that worked in clinics of nervous diseases Astrakhan and Rostov (since 1925) medical in-comrades. P. I. Emdin's pupil. In 1936 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «X-ray and Central Nervous System»; professor (1937). In 1937 headed department of nervous diseases and neurosurgery of the Sverdlovsk medical institute, a cut ruko-. drove until the end of life. At the same time within several years was the research supervisor of the Sverdlovsk scientific research institute of balneology and physical therapy of M3 of RSFSR.
D. G. Schaefer is the author of St. 300 scientific works, including 4 monographs. He paid considerable attention to studying of neuroinfections in the Urals. So, D. G. Schäfer with employees proved etiological communication of kozhevnikovsky epilepsy with a tick-borne encephalitis. Results of long-term researches of vegetative disturbances were generalized by it in the monograph «Hypothalamic (Diencephalic) Syndromes». D. G. Schaefer made a big contribution to a problem of studying of acute disorders of cerebral circulation. One of the first in our country he organized in Sverdlovsk at the station of emergency medical service specialized group — so-called «stroke crew» for assistance at disturbances of cerebral circulation; he was a pioneer in use of anticoagulants at treatment of an ischemic stroke. D. G. Schaefer among the first in the USSR applied a stereotaxic method at treatment of epilepsy and extrapyramidal diskineziya.
D. G. Schaefer was the honorary member and the board member Vsesoyuznogo and All-Russian scientific medical about-in neuropathologists and psychiatrists, Vsesoyuzny scientific medical about-va neurosurgeons, the editor «Neurology» of BME, and also the member of a row foreign scientific medical about - redotdet century.
It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, Patriotic war of the 2nd degree, the Labour Red Banner, the Red Star and medals.
Works: X-ray and central nervous system, yew., Rostov N / D., 1936; Neuroinfections in the Urals, Saturday. 1 — 2, Sverdlovsk, 1940 — 1948 (bus of a number of hl. and edition); Diagnosis and treatment of gunshot wounds of peripheral nerves, Sverdlovsk — M., 1944 (sovm. from M. E. Gripes);
Acute poliomyelitis, Sverdlovsk, 1957 (sovm. with Grinkevich O. V.); Tumours of a brain, Sverdlovsk, 1958 (bus of a number of hl. and edition); Hypothalamic (diencephalic) syndromes, M., 1962, 1971; Ambulance at a brain stroke, Sverdlovsk, 1965, D., 1970 (sovm. with other); Clinic, diagnosis and treatment of acute disorders of cerebral circulation, Sverdlovsk, 1977 (bus of a number of hl. and edition sovm. with Krupin E. N).
Bibliography: David Grigoryevich Schaefer (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Vopr. to it-rokhir., No. 6, page 57, 1968. L. N. Nesterov.