SAMOYLOV Alexander Yakovlevich (1897 — 1979) — the Soviet ophthalmologist, the member correspondent of AMH (1945).
In 1921 ended medical f-t Moscow un-that, worked (1921 — 1929) in clinic of eye diseases under the leadership of V. P. Odintsov, in 1925 and 1927 carried out scientific work in clinics of Germany. In 1929 — 1939 of the department chair of eye diseases Kharkiv, and in 1939 — 1952 the 1st Moscow medical in-comrade. At the same time, from 1944 to 1949 the manager. ophthalmologic department Ying-that neurosurgery. Since 1952 — the consultant at Institute of neurosurgery of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.
A. Ya. Samoylov is the author of the St. 210 printing works devoted to hl. obr. to development of diagnostic methods (focal tuberkulinovy test), treatment and prevention of tuberculosis of an eye; to problems of intraocular pressure, pathogeny and diagnosis of glaucoma; neuroophthalmologies. It invented the mirror capsular manometer, pilokarpinovy test at glaucoma is offered, are developed a quantitative papillometriya for definition of a stage of development of a congestive optic disk and a local pupillografiya; it described a phenomenon of professional anesthesia of a cornea at turners. Under the leadership of A. Ya. Samoylov 15 doctors and more than 40 candidates of science are prepared. He was an editor of red-department «Ophthalmology» in 2 prod. BME.
Works: Reactive hypertension of an eye, M., 1926; Introduction to ophthalmology, M. — L., 1935 (sovm. with Braunstein H. E.); Tuberculosis of eyes and its treatment, Kharkiv, 1940; Retinal hypostasis at diseases of an eye, M., 1950; The Quantitative papillometriya at a congestive nipple, Oftalm. zhurn., No. 1, page 5, 1959; Ophthalmologic symptoms of tumors of a brain, M., 1959 (bus of a number of the Art. and edition); Tubercular diseases of eyes, L., 1963 (sovm. with other).
Bibliography: Alexander Yakovlevich Samoylov (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Vestn. oftalm., No. 2, page 92, 1967.
G. S. Kunicheva.