RYSS Simon Micheilowitsch (1896 — 1968) — the Soviet therapist, the gastroenterologist and vitaminolog, the member correspondent of AMH (1960).
In 1920 ended medical f-t un-that in Rostov on - Don. Since 1923 worked in clinic of VMA under the leadership of N. Ya. Chistovich, then (since 1931) in Leningrad Ying-those diseases of the digestive system (nowadays with scientific research institute of food); at the same time (1928 — 1935) was the research associate of physiological laboratory of I. P. Pavlov (studied gastric secretion and zhelcheobrazovatelny function of a liver). In 1935 protected dokt. thesis. In 1936 — 1939 the director and the research supervisor Leningrad in-that clinical nutrition. Since 1938 the department chair of propaedeutics of internal diseases Leningrad sanitary and hygienic in-that and at the same time (since 1961) head of gastroenterological laboratory USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.
S. M. Ryss is the author of St. 150 printing works, including 3 monographs and 4 sections in the guides to internal diseases. Emergence of a recent trend in clinical medicine — clinical vitaminology is connected with his name; in days of the Great Patriotic War he in the conditions of besieged Leningrad studied features of a current of types of itaminoz. The combination of the physiological and kliniko-morphological directions of researches was characteristic of S. M. Ryss's works on gastroenterology; he widely propagandized a wedge, use of methods of morphological diagnosis (a biopsy, cytologic diagnosis, etc.), investigated a role of changes of endocrine system in development of diseases of a stomach, intestines and a liver. The clinic and laboratory headed by it became the first educational and methodical center of the Soviet gastroenterology.
S. M. Ryss was a member of governments of Vsesoyuzny and All-Russian about-in therapists, the chairman of gastroenterological section Leningrad about-va therapists of S. P. Botkin, one of organizers and the board member Vsesoyuznogo about-va gastroenterologists, the chairman of the problem commission of allied value «Physiology and Pathology of Digestive Organs».
It is awarded the order the Labour Red Banner, two awards «Sign of Honour» and medals.
Works: Hypovitaminoses and diseases of a vitamin deficiency (With and groups B). m, 1948; Vitamins (Physiological action, exchange, therapy), L., 1955; Diseases of digestive organs, L., 1966 (bus of a number of hl. and edition), 1975 (bus of a number of hl. and edition sovm. with Masevichy Ts. G.); Peptic ulcer (Uncomplicated forms), L., 1968 (sovm. with Ryss E. S.).
Bibliography: Simon Micheilowitsch Ryss, Klien, medical, t. 47, No. 1, page 154, 1969.
Ts. G. Masevich.