RUSSIA Gustave (Roussy Gustave, 1874 — 1948) — the French pathologist and the neuropathologist, the member of the French academy, the secretary general of National academy of medicine.
Having ended medical f-t Parisian un-that (Sorbonne), since 1899 worked in the Parisian hospital for P. Mari and Zh. Dezherin.
In 1907 received degree of the doctor of medicine. Since 1910 extraordinary professor a stalemate. anatomy medical f-that Parisian un-that, since 1913 the chief physician of Paul Brousse hospital. In 1930 Ying t of cancer based in Paris and was his first director. Since 1933 the dean medical f-that Parisian un-that, and since 1937 his rector. In the years of fascist occupation of France by G. of Russia protested against closing of the French high fur boots and in support of student's demonstration for what it the government of Vichy was discharged in November, 1940 of a position of the rector. After release of the country (1944) returned in Parisian un-t.
Scientific works of G. of Russia were devoted to problems of neuropathology and oncology. In 1906 it together with Zh. Dezherin described a thalamic syndrome. It possesses also the description (1904) diseases, entered medical literature under the name «sarcoid to Darya — Russia» (see. to Darya — Russia sarcoid ). In the years of World War I of G. of Russia studied problems of neuropathology in military conditions and published in 1917 together with Zh. Lermitt the book «Psychoneuroses during War». Russia paid much attention to a problem of malignant tumors; results of its versatile researches on this subject were generalized by it together with Ler (R. River of H. Leroux) and Wolf (M. Wolf) in the book «Cancer». In 1924 together with Zh. Lermitt and L. Cornil of G. of Russia offered the first classification of tumors of a brain and a meninx based on gistol. principle. In 1930 Russia and Auber-ling (S. of Oberling) described a medulloblastoma of a brain under the name «nevrospongiom», investigated angiomatous tumors of c. N of page.
Together with Camus (J. Camus) during the period from 1912 to 1924 of Russia published a number of the works devoted to clarification of functions of a hypophysis and a gray hillock, an explanation of an infundibulobugorny syndrome. Together with Mosenzhe (M. of Mosinger) it investigated gipotalamo-pituitary system, existence of secretion of a neurogenic origin is open, to-ruyu G. of Russia called «nevrokriniya». A result of these researches was the book «Guide to a Neuroendocrinology» (1946) written together with Mosenzhe.
The name G. of Russia is born by a number of morbid conditions — a syndrome of Russia — Kornilya, a syndrome of Russia — Levi (see. Russia — Levi a syndrome ), a syndrome of Russia — Lermitta — Shelvena, etc.
Works: Un cas de tumeurs benignes multiples (sarcoides sous-cutaneesou tuberculides nodu-laires hypodermiques), Bull. Soc. frang. Derm., t. 15, p. 54, 1904 (sovm. with Darier F. J.); La couche optique, etude anatomique, physiologique et clinique, le syndrome tha-lamique. P., 1907; Traitement des psycho-nevroses de guerre, P., 1918 (sovm. with other); Nevrite hypertrophique peogressive non fa-miliale de l'adulte, Ann. Med., t. 6, p. 296, 1919 (sovm. with Cornil L.); Diagnostic des tumeurs, P., 1921 (sovm. with Leroux R.); Sept cas d’une maladie familiale particuliSre, Rev. neurol., t. 1, p. 427, 1926 (sovm. with Levy G.).
Bibliography: G u i 1 1 an i n G. Gustave Roussy (1874 — 1948), Rev. neurol., t. 80, p. 729, 1948; Lhermitte J. Gustave Roussy, Bull. Acad. nat.] V№d. (Paris), t. 133, P. 450, 1949.
L. A. Stankievich.