RUBENSTEIN Herman Rafailovich (1871 — 1955) is the Soviet phthisiatrician, the pulmonologist, the pupil K. K. Degio and V.P. Obraztsova, the doctor of medical sciences (1899), professor (1934), the honored worker of science of RSFSR (1946), the winner of the State award USSR (1951).
In 1896 ended medical f-t of Yuryevsky un-that. Still being a student, got a gold medal for work «Qualitative and quantitative changes of composition of blood at cancer diseases» (1895). Since 1896 the assistant to the prosector, and since 1901 the privatdozent of department of pathological anatomy of Yuryevsky un-that and at the same time senior assistant to clinic of hospital therapy. During this period improved the preparation at R. Virkhov. Since 1903 worked in Kiev under the leadership of V.P. Obraztsov, from 1905 to 1925 managed sanatorium Pushcha-Vodytsia for children, TB patients. In 1926 was a consultant in sanatoria of Moszdravotde-la and in Ying-those balneology. From 1927 to 1939 the research supervisor of sanatorium of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions of V. I. Lenin in Kratov, since 1932 the head of department of tuberculosis of TsIU created by it on the basis of this sanatorium. From 1941 to 1952
I. G. R. Rubenstein — the author over 100 scientific works, including 10 managements and monographs devoted preferential to questions of a pathogeny, clinic, early identification, prevention and differential diagnosis of diseases of lungs managed department of tuberculosis of 1 MM. G. R. Rubenstein developed also classification of tuberculosis. To them it is established that an initial form of a pulmonary tuberculosis is focal process. G. R. Rubenstein's works about a role of endogenous reactivation of residual tubercular changes, various on character, and about value of exogenous superinfection in development of active tuberculosis are of special value. These researches helped the correct organization of mass inspections of the population, early detection, rational treatment of patients with initial forms of tuberculosis and development of a complex of preventive antitubercular actions. G. R. Rubenstein's works on a problem infiltrative and others a wedge, forms of a pulmonary tuberculosis, on immunology of tuberculosis, about ways of allocation of tubercular mycobacteria from a human body and animals until now did not lose the value.
G. R. Rubenstein was elected the member of presidium All-Union and Moscow about-in phthisiatricians, consisted the full member International about-va phthisiatricians. It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, the Labour Red Banner and medals.
Works: Materials for experimental development of an interconnection between a uterus and its appendages, a yew., Yuryev, 1899; Spitzenprozesse, Lpz., 1934; Clinical group of pulmonary tuberculosis, M. — L., 1936; Pleurisy, M., 1939; Pulmonary tuberculosis, M., 1940; Mistakes in clinic of pulmonary tuberculosis, M. — L., 1941; To a question of the nomenclature and group of pulmonary tuberculosis, M., 1948 (sovm. with Stru-kov A. I.); Pulmonary tuberculosis, M., 1948; Differential diagnosis of diseases of lungs, t. 1 — 2, M., 1949 — 1950, 1954; The Problem of a nasledstveshyusta at tuberculosis, M., 1951.
Bibliography: To the 50 anniversary of medical, scientific and pedagogical activity of the honored worker of science Herman Rafailovich Rubenstein, Probl, tube., L1 - 2, page 5, 1947; To about h N about in and I. E. Herman Rafailovich Rubenstein and his contribution to development of the Soviet phthisiology (To the 100 anniversary since birth), Owls. medical, Lg 11, pages 1 32, 1971.
I. E. Kochnova.