ROSSOLIMO Grigory Ivanovich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

ROSSOLIMO Grigory Ivanovich (1860 — 1928) — the Soviet neuropathologist.

ROSSOLIMO Grigory Ivanovich

Having ended medical f-t Moscow un-that in 1884, it was left the intern in clinic of nervous diseases

of A. Ya. Kozhevnikov. In 1887 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «Pilot Study on the Ways Which Are Carrying Out Sensitivity and the Movement in a Spinal Cord». Since 1889 the privatdozent, since 1890 the manager. clinic of nervous diseases at clinic of internal diseases of A. A. Ostroumov. In 1911 retired together with group of progressively adjusted professors and teachers who left un-t in protest at reform of the reactionary minister Kasso. After forced leaving university he on own savings created Ying t of children's neurology and psychology — the Russia's first clinic of nervous diseases of children's age. This in in-t was presented afterwards by it Moscow un-that. In 1917 I. Rossolimo headed department of nervous diseases of 1 MSU, in-that became the director of clinic and Neurologic of A. I. Kozhevnikova.

G. I. Rossolimo published more than 100 scientific works on different questions of anatomy, physiology and clinic of diseases of a nervous system, on children's defectology, experimental psychology, semiotics of nervous diseases. It described manual a reflex — the important symptom of defeat of pyramidal system bearing his name (see. Rossolimo reflex ), and also proctal and vulvoanalny reflexes; the dissociated disorder of sensitivity at defeat of a brainstem is revealed. For experimental studying of function of a brain the hirurgo-toxic method was offered them. He developed new methods of an experimental and psychological research of children, offered a method psychological profile (see), improved ways of processing of microscopic drugs, the individual dynamometer, the brain topographer, dermatografometr invented, the klonograf for registration of hyperkinesias, etc. G. I. Rossolimo made a big contribution to studying of tumors of a brain, a myelosyringosis, poliomyelitis, multiple sclerosis, a chorea. Its profound knowledge in the field of topical diagnosis of tumors of a brain allowed it to the first to offer their surgical treatment. For the first time in its clinic B. K. Horoshko applied a spinal puncture. G. I. Rossolimo was a founder of school of neuropathologists and speech pathologists.

From the first days of establishment of the Soviet power of G. I. Rossolimo directed the efforts and knowledge to business of construction of new life, working in the People's commissar millet, Narkomzdrava, Narkomtruda, Revolutionary Military Council and the Head military and sanitary department of RKKA. He was one of organizers, the chairman and the honorary member Moscow about-va neuropathologists and psychiatrists, and also some other Soviet and foreign scientific about - century

G. I. Rossolimo was one of founders of «Magazine (1901) of neuropathology and psychiatry of S. S. Korsakov», the editor to-rogo consisted to death; was an editor of a redotdel «Neurology, Neuropathology, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychotechnics» of 1 prod. BME.

Works: Pilot study on the ways conducting sensitivity and the movement in a spinal cord, a yew., M., 1887; To pathology of spinal reflexes, Zhurn. neuropath, and psikhiat., book 1-2, page 239, 1902; Paltseva reflex (tendon jerk of toes), in the same place, book 4, page 583, 1907; Psychological profiles, SPb., 1910; The Textbook of nervous diseases, M. — Pg., 1923 (edition); The Course of nervous diseases, M. — L., 1927, 1930; Pilot study of psychomechanics by individual and mass methods, M., 1928.

Bibliography: Bodretsov I. I., G. I. Rossolimo is the outstanding domestic scientist and the public figure, Owls. medical, No. 4, page 151, 1969; Brusilovsky JI. Ya. Grigory Ivanovich Rossolimo (To the 100 anniversary since birth), Zhurn. neuropath, and psikhiat., t. 60, century 12, page 1670, 1960; Neurology, neuropathology, psychology, psychiatry, the Collection devoted to the 40 anniversary of scientific, medical and pedagogical activity of the prof. G. I. Rossolimo, 1884 — 1924, M., 1925.

R. A. Tkachyov.