ROMBERG SYMPTOM (The m of N. of Romberg, is mute. the neuropathologist and the therapist, 1795 — 1873) — inability to keep balance (a poshatyvaniye or even falling of the patient) in a standing position with the feet shifted together extended forward by hands and closed by eyes (Romberg's pose). When disturbance of balance comes to light insufficiently accurately, suggest to deliver to the patient legs on one line — one ahead of another.
The river of page is observed at damage of various parts of the nervous system participating in regulation balances of a body (see), represents manifestation ataxy (see). The river of page comes to light at defeat cerebellum (see) and its bonds with other departments of c. N of page, at disorders of function vestibular analyzer (see), at disturbance of deep sensitivity owing to defeat spinal cord (see) or polyneuritis (see). The preferential direction of a poshatyvaniye in Romberg's pose in some cases has diagnostic value. E.g., at defeat of a hemisphere of a cerebellum of the patient the hl deviates. obr. towards the struck hemisphere. Poshatyvaniye in Romberg's pose can be observed also in the absence of organic changes of a nervous system, napr, at neurosises (see).
Bibliography: M. B. and Fedorov E. A. crawl. Main neuropathological syndromes, M., 1966; A. V Triumphs. Topical diagnosis of diseases of a nervous system, L., 1974; Romberg M. H. Lehrbuch der Ner-venkrankheiten des Menschen, Bd 1, S. 795, B., 1846.
E. I. Gusev.