From Big Medical Encyclopedia

REYKHSTEIN Tadeusz (Reichstein Tadeus, sort. in 1897) — the Swiss biochemist and the endocrinologist, the honorary member of the Swiss academy of medicine (1951) and the New York academy of Sciences (1959), the member London royal about-va (1952), the Nobel Prize laureate (1950).


In 1921 graduated from the Higher polytechnical school in Zurich, then worked as the in-zhenera-chemist of industrial laboratory in the same place. Since 1929 the associate professor, since 1934 professor, and since 1938 the department chair of pharmacology un-that in Basel. In 1946 — 1960 the department chair of organic chemistry in the same un-those.

G. Reykhstein is an author more than 300 scientific works on organic chemistry, pharmacology and endocrinology devoted to studying of heterocyclic soyedrsheniye, sugars, vitamins (ascorbic and pantothenic to - t), cardiac glycosides, hormones of adrenal glands. T. Reykh-stein for the first time (1937) allocated and described a hydrocortisone (17-oksikortiko-steron) and established chemical structure of a cortisone (1938), a lab. synthesis to-rogo carried out (1944) Sarr (O. Sarret).

T. Reykhstein along with E. Kendall (1937) and irrespective of it emitted corticosterone, and after (1944) its synthesis is carried out. For studying of adrenal hormones, their structure and function it is conferred the Nobel Prize in the field of physiology and medicine (together with E. Kendall and F. Henchem).

T. Reykhstein is the member of many chemical, pharmacological and endocrinological about-in and associations.

Works: Activity of corticosteron in glucose test in rats, Nature (Lond.), v. 139, p. 331, 1937 (sovm. with other); Hormones of adrenal cortex, Vitamins a. Hormones, v. 1, p. 345, 1943 (sovm. with Shoppee C. W.); Isolation of 24-methylene-cholesterol from honey bees (Apis mellifica L.), Nature (Lond.), v. 184, suppl. 10, p. 732, 1959 (sovm. with other); Cardiac glycosides (heart poisons) in the polka-dot moth Syntomeida epilais Walk (Ctenuchidae: Lep.) with some observations on the toxic qualities of Amata (-Syntomis) phegea (L.), Proc. roy. Soc. B, v. 183, p. 227, 1973 (sovm. with other).

Bibliography: Herrlinger R. Die Nobel preistrager der Medizin, S. 71, Miin-chen, 1963; Salvaggio Santos, Dic-cionario biografico de premios Nobel, p. 290, Buenos Aires, 1958; Who's who in Switzerland 1978 — 1979, p. 513, Geneva, 1978.

V. I. Didenko.