REYER Karl Karlovic (1846 — 1890) — the domestic surgeon, one of pioneers of antiseptics in Russia, the founder of school of sciences.
In 1870 ended medical f-t of Derptsky un-that. In 1872 protected dokt. the thesis about treatment of cholera. Working on the thesis, carried out 17 hemotransfusions, from them two vnutriarteri-alny. In 1872 — 1873 studied antiseptics in J. Lister and R. Folkmann's clinics. Since 1874 the associate professor of surgery of Derptsky un-that. Participant of three wars: French-Prussian (1870 — 1871), serbo - Montenegro-Turkish (1876), Russian-Turkish (1877 — 1878). Since 1878 the consultant-surgeon of military hospital in St. Petersburg and at the same time professor of the High female medical courses, and in 1883 — 1886 the manager. department Mariinsky-tsy. In 1890 professor of surgery of the Kiev university.
K. K. Reyer the author apprx. 60 printing works devoted to hl. obr. to problems of antiseptics, traumatology and orthopedics, field surgery. One of the first in Russia applied an antiseptic method at surgeries. In 1877 it for the first time successfully performed «safety and antiseptic treatment» of bullet wounds (primary surgical treatment, a constant drainage, a hermetic bandage) in field conditions. K. K. Reyer is the founder in domestic surgery of nailing by means of a metal core and an out-patient method of treatment of fractures of bones, the organizer of bone and joint sanatorium in Strelna. N. A. Velyaminov, F. K. Borngaupt, L were his pupils. V. Orlov.
Works: Zur Pathologie und Therapie der Cholera in der Rigaer Epidemie von 1871, Diss., Dorpat, 1872; Zur Behandlung der Pseudarthrosen, St Petersb. med. Wschr., N 33, S. 1, 1876; Antiseptic treatment of wounds in field surgery, Voyen. - medical zhurn., p. 133, kN. And, section 3, page 423, book 12, section 3, page 423, book 12, section 3, page 644, 1878; Die antiseptische Wundbehandlung in der Kriegschirurgie, Lpz., 1878.
Bibliography: Vangenstin O. of X. and Vangenstin S. D. Karl Reyer (1846 — 1890), outstanding Russian field surgeon, Surgery, No. 6, page 141, 1975; And in and N about in H. N. Karl Karlovic Reyer, Bibliographic sketch, SPb., 1893; Oborin N. A. The forgotten superiority, Ortop. itravmat., No. 7, page 78, 1962; it, From history of development of out-patient treatment of fractures of bones of extremities in Russia, in book: From history medical, under the editorship of V. V. Kanep, etc., t. 8, page 196, Riga, 1969; Roseau E. Karl Reyher, chirurgien russe du XIXe siecle et le debridement des plaies de guerre, Nouv. Presse med., t. 3, p. 1109, 1974.
H. A. Oborin.