RAVICH-SHCHERBO Vladimir Antonovich (1890 — 1955) is the Soviet phthisiatrician, the member correspondent of AMH (1946). Member of the CPSU.
In 1916 ended medical f-t Kazan un-that and it was called up for field army, from 1918 to 1922 served in Red army. From 1922 to 1931 worked in faculty therapeutic clinic Voronezh medical in-that: since 1935 professor of department of tuberculosis of it in-that and at the same time (1930 — 1939) deputy director for scientific work Voronezh in-that the tuberculosis created with its active participation. Since 1939 the manager. 2nd department of tuberculosis of TsIU. In days of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945 the chief therapist of the Stalingrad, Southern and 4th Ukrainian of fronts. From 1946 to 1955 the department chair of tuberculosis of TsIU and at the same time (1946 — 1952) manager. diagnostic, and then therapeutic department Ying-that tuberculosis of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.
V. A. Ravich-Shcherbo published 108 scientific works, including 6 monographs devoted to questions of a pathogeny of a pulmonary tuberculosis, pleurisy, features limf of system of lungs, to problems of an allergy and immunity, the mechanism of action to lay down. pheumothorax, complex therapy of TB patients. On the basis of the analysis a wedge, observations and experimental data it created the original theory about the zones of a hyper sensitization of pulmonary fabric playing a large role in emergence and localization of an infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis and situation is put forward that high allergic reactivity cannot be considered manifestation of immunity.
V. A. Ravich-Shcherbo one of the first in the USSR (1929) applied bilateral artificial pheumothorax. It described a number of symptoms of mediastinal pleurisy, damage of bronchial tubes.
V. A. Ravich-Shcherbo was an editor XXV of volume («Pulmonary tuberculosis») in the multivolume edition «Experience of the Soviet Medicine in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945.», was elected the member of boards All-Union and Moscow about-in phthisiatricians, was the deputy editor of the Problems of Tuberculosis magazine.
It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, Patriotic War of the 2nd degree, the Red Star and medals.
Works: Experience of use of bilateral artificial pheumothorax at a pulmonary tuberculosis, M. — L., 1929; The Mediastinum in clinic of tuberculosis of children and adults, Voronezh, 1936; The Pulmonary tuberculosis at adults, M., 1953; Mistakes in clinic of pulmonary tuberculosis, M., 1954.
Bibliography: Vladimir Antonovich Ravich-Shcherbo, Probl. tube., No. 4, page 77, 1955; Ostroumova 10. A. The main directions in V. A. Ra-vich-Shcherbo's creativity, in the same place, No. 3, page 3, 1956.
G. S. Klochkova.