RAUER Alexander Eduardovich (1871 — 1948) — the Soviet surgeon, one of founders of maxillofacial plastic surgery in the USSR, the winner of the State award USSR (1946).
Having ended in 1897 medical f-t Tomsk un-that, worked as the doctor in Verkholensk. Since 1901 the assistant to surgical clinic prof. Tillinga in St. Petersburg (nowadays clinic of the Leningrad GIDUV). In 1904 — 1905 the manager. surgical hospital in Khabarovsk. In 1906 — 1909 the doctor-surgeon in district territorial hospital. From 1909 to 1911 worked in the VMA pathoanatomical laboratory where in 1911 defended the doctoral dissertation on a subject: «To the doctrine about inflammatory changes of a worm-shaped shoot (experience of studying of repeated attacks of appendicitis)». In 1911 — 1914 worked as the surgeon of the Ufa provincial hospital. During the 1st world war managed infirmary of the Red Cross. Since 1919 on service in Red Army — the surgeon-consultant of the Krasnoyarsk military district. In 1920 headed department of maxillofacial surgery Medical and prosthetic in-that in Moscow (nowadays CYTO). C1932 of managed TsIU department.
A. E. Rauer possesses 85 scientific works devoted to hl. obr. to problems of maxillofacial surgery. He offered an original method of treatment of habitual dislocation of a mandible, developed a way of a slanting osteotomy at ankiloza of jaws, successfully went in for plastics of through defects of an average and lower face zone. A. E. Rauer the first developed and successfully carried out reconstructive operation at defects of a throat, offered methods of plastics at fan-shaped hems of a neck after burns and sewing together of handles of a pharynx at defects of a soft palate. He went in also for plastics of other bodies — developed methods of plastic surgeries at inborn defects of a bladder, malformations of extremities, etc. In days of the Great Patriotic War the technique of treatment of the granulating superficial wounds by imposing of secondary plastinochny seams was offered them.
It is awarded by awards of the Labour Red Banner and the Red Star, medals.
Works: To the doctrine about inflammatory changes of walls of a worm-shaped shoot (experience of studying of a pathogeny of repeated attacks of appendicitis), a yew., SPb., 1911; Fractures of jaws and damage of soft tissues of the person, 1st prod., M., 1932, 4 prod., 1947; Plastic surgeries on the person, M., 1943, 1954 (sovm. with Michelson N. M.).
Bibliography: Verlotsky A. E. Life and Alexander Eduardovich Rauer's creativity, Stomatology, No. 4, page 15, 1946; Michelson N. M. To 90-le-tiyu since the birth of the prof. A. E. Rauer, in the same place, No. 4, page 108, 1961; Our winners, Hospital business, No. 3, page 4, 1946; Priors N. N. Alexander Eduardovich Rauer, Surgery, No. 10, page 86, 1948.
V. S. Dmitriyeva.