RAKHMANOV Alexander Vasilyevich (1878 — 1948) — the Soviet pathomorphologist and the physiotherapist, the doctor of medical sciences (1910), professor (1914), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1939), member of the CPSU (1942), major general of health service.
In 1902 ended physical and mathematical f-t St. Petersburg un-that, and in 1906 — VMA. Being a student un-that, conducted scientific work on histology in laboratory professional. A.S. Dogelya, and then, in the years of study in VMA, in V. M. Bekhterev's laboratory. For works on neurohistology un-that and VMA was awarded by gold medals St. Petersburg. In 1910 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «About Distribution of Toxins on a Nervous System». In 1911 — 1914 improved knowledge on patol. anatomy in Germany and France. In 1914 the wedge is chosen, professor of VMA. From 1918 to 1923 was in ranks of Red Army. From 1923 to 1941 Narkomzdrava RSFSR managed pathoanatomical department State in-that physical therapy.
A. V. Rakhmanov is an author more than 70 scientific works, generally on neurohistology. It put forward the concept of selective effect of physical factors on cells of bodies and fabrics which formed a methodological and theoretical basis of use with the medical purpose of physical factors.
A. V. Rakhmanov created school of histologists-physiologists, among representatives a cut I. A. Piontkovsky, R. G. Shik, A. Ts. Voznaya, etc.
A. V. Rakhmanov in 1930 — 1935 was the deputy chairman Moscow about-va physiotherapists, and from 1945 to 1948 the deputy chairman of Academic medical council of M3 of the USSR. It is awarded by the Order of Lenin, two awards of the Red Banner, an award of the Labour Red Banner and medals.
Works: About distribution of toxins on a nervous system, a yew., SPb., 1910; Reaction of internals to uv radiation of skin, Arkh. patol., t. 1, century 3, page 43, 1935; Experimental fundamentals of physical therapy, in book: Physical therapy, under the editorship of. I. JI. Grossman, Saturday. 2, page 5, M. — L., 1936; Morphology of a vegetative reflex at physical therapy, Works of the 3rd Vsesoyuz. congress fizioter., page 161, Kiev, 1937.
Bibliography: P and about N of t to about in with to and y I. A., A. V. Rakhmanov, Arkh. patol., t. And, century 3, page 95, 1949; it, 15 years of work of pathoanatomical department State. institute of physical therapy under the leadership of the prof. A. V. Rakhmanov, Physical therapy, No. 2, page 7, 1939; Prof. A. V. Rakhmanov, Works State. nauch. - issled. in-that fizioter., century 5, page 7, M., 1939.
A. N. Obrosov.