RABUKHIN Alexander Efimovich (1899 — 1979) — the Soviet phthisiatrician, the doctor of medical sciences (1938), professor (1939), the winner of the Lenin award (1980) and the State award USSR (1976), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1960).
Ended in 1922 medical f-t Kharkiv un-that, then worked in its therapeutic clinic, since 1925 at department of tuberculosis of the 2nd Kharkiv medical in-that; since 1939 - the department chair. At the same time (1934 — 1940) headed therapeutic and social and hygienic departments Kharkiv in-that tuberculosis. In 1938 protected dokt. the thesis on «About a Role of Exogenous Superinfection in a Pathogeny of Pulmonary Tuberculosis at Adults». From 1940 to 1952 the deputy director on scientific work Ying-that tuberculosis of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, at the same time (1940 — 1979) department chairs of tuberculosis of TsIU.
A. E. Rabukhin published 280 scientific works, including 16 monographs devoted generally to problems of a pathogeny, epidemiology and prevention of tuberculosis, features of a course of tuberculosis of wartime, questions of clinic, diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis, and also its combinations to other diseases. It brought a number of changes in classification of tuberculosis, the analysis of the mechanism of action, efficiency and various manifestations of medicinal intolerance of a number of antituberculous remedies is carried out.
A. E. Rabukhin was vice-chairman Vsesoyuznogo about-va phthisiatricians, the member of the commissions on treatment at the International union on fight against tuberculosis, the associate editor of Clinical Medicine and Problems of Tuberculosis magazines, the board member Ob-va of friendship of the USSR — Switzerland, the editor «Phthisiology» of the 3rd BME edition redotdet.
«the sign of Honour» and medals is awarded by the Orders of Lenin (two), Labour Red Banners.
Works: Epidemiology and pathogeny of pulmonary tuberculosis, M., 1948; Treatment of the TB patient, M., 1960; Chemotherapy of TB patients, M., 1970; Questions of chemotherapy of tuberculosis, M., 1972 (bus of a number of hl. and edition); Sarcoidosis, M., 1975; Tuberculosis of a respiratory organs at adults, M., 1976.
Bibliography: A. E. Rabukhin (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Probl. tube., No. 10, page 90, 1969; A. E. Rabukhin's Memories, in the same place, No. 8, page 73, 1979.
G. S. Klochkova.