PUCHKOVSKAYA Nadezhda Aleksandrovna (sort. in 1908) — the Soviet ophthalmologist, the academician of AMH (1971), Hera of Socialist Work (1960), the winner of the State award USSR (1978), zasl. scientist of USSR (1968).
In 1930 ended Kiev medical in-t. Since 1936 worked in Kiev, and since 1941 — in Tashkent medical in-those. Participated in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945 as the chief of eye department front evakogospitalya. Since 1946 the head of department, since 1952 the deputy director, and since 1956 the director of the Odessa scientific research institute of eye diseases and fabric therapy of V. P. Filatov. In 1954 protected dokt. the thesis on a subject about a keratoplasty at staphylomas and ectatic cataracts.
H.A. Puchkovskaya published St. 200 scientific works, including 8 monographs; Ophthalmolum is a creator of a row new. devices, has 5 copyright certificates. She created the original direction in ophthalmology, having developed a number of essentially new operations on front department of an eye: almost full keratoplasty, a two-stage method of elimination of extensive and full symblepharons, a peripheral layer-by-layer and medical superficial layer-by-layer keratoplasty, a full keratoplasty with a border of a sclera, a two-stage technique of a keratoprotezirovaniye, a method of surgical treatment of an acute keratoconus. It offered a new pathogenetic method of treatment of burns of eyes serum of a convalescent (1962), etc.
For development of a method of a keratoplasty at the complicated cataracts of H.A. Puchkovskaya is conferred an award of V. P. Filatov of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1961), and for a cycle of the researches «Pathogeny and Treatment of Burns of Eyes and Their Effects» — the State award USSR. The hl is a member of the International ophthalmologic academy, International about-va eye surgeons, the honorary member of scientific foreign countries, ophthalmologic about-in a row, the chairman of Ukrainian and vice chairman of the board Vsesoyuznogo scientific about-in ophthalmologists. the editor of «The ophthalmologic magazine», the editor «Ophthalmology» of the BME editions redotdet.
It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, the October Revolution, Patriotic War of the 1st degree, the Labour Red Banner (two), «the Sign of Honour» and medals.
Works: Keratoplasty at staphylomas, evaginated cataracts and some other types of the complicated cataracts, a yew., Odessa, 1953; Change of a cornea at the complicated cataracts, Kiev, 1960; Pathogeny and treatment of burns of eyes and their effects, M., 1973 (sovm. with other); Fabric therapy, Kiev, 1978 (sovm. with other).
Bibliography: Nadezhda Aleksandrovna Puchkovskaya (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Vestn. oftalm., No. 4, page 90, 1978; The Career of Nadezhda Aleksandrovna Puchkovskaya (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Oftalm. zhurn., No. 4, page 315, 1978.
L. T. Kashintseva.