PRINGL John (Pringle John, 1707 — 1782) — the Scottish doctor, one of founders of military medicine and its preventive direction; member of the London royal society (1758) and its president (1772 — 1778).
In 1730 ended Leiden un-t.
Worked as the doctor in Edinburgh and at the same time professor of ethics in Edinburgh un-those. From 1744 to 1748 hl. the doctor of the English army in Flanders, then within several years the court doctor in London. Pupil Mr. Burkhave.
J. Pringl the first established identity of a so-called prison and hospital fever (sapropyra), showed that various forms of dysentery are kinds of one disease, the gigabyte achieved decrease in incidence of epidemic diseases in army by carrying out a row. actions in military camps and barracks. He was one of initiators of establishment of the statute of a neutrality of hospitals in the conditions of military operations.
In 1750 J. Pringl published work about septic and antiseptic substances, in a cut emphasized with one of the first value of putrefactive processes in developing of diseases. His book «Observations over Diseases of Soldiers in Camps and Garrisons» sustained about ten editions and was translated into several European languages, including into Russian. J. Pringl is the author of several more works: «Some new actions for improvement of preservation of health of seamen», «Six lectures», etc. Unpublished manuscripts of J. Pringl are stored in library of the Edinburgh medical college. In the Westminster abbey — a tomb of the most visible figures of Great Britain — J. Pringlu is put a monument.
Works: Observations on the nature and cure of hospital and jayl-fevers, L., 1750; Observations on the diseases of the army, in camp and garrison, L., 1752; A discourse upon some late improvements of the means for preserving the health of mariners, L., 1776; Six discourses delivered by L., 1783.
Bibliography: Dictionary of national biography, v. 46, p. 386, L., 1896; Rosen-bloom J. Sir John Pringle, founder of modern military medicine and originator of the Red Cross idea, Interstate med J., v. 25, p. 49, 1918.
I. V. Vengrova.