POSNIKOV, Postnikov Pyotr Vasilyevich (1676 — 1716) — the domestic doctor, one of the first Russian doctors who were entitled the doctor of medicine.
In 1691 ended Slavyano - Greek-Latin academy in Moscow, then medical f-t Paduan un-that. In 1695 for the thesis «The signs indicating developing of putrefactive fevers» («Significant 1‘ebres putridinus adventus causarum») gained «with a great praise» the diploma of the doctor of philosophy and medicine. «For bigger commission in medicine» spent over a year in Venice, Paris, Brussels and Leiden. As a part of Great embassy accompanied Peter I on his trips across Holland and England. After Peter I's departure it is left in England «for examination of academies», in particular Oxford un-that. Then P. V. Posnikov went to Naples that, according to him, «live dogs to grow stiff, and the dead be». But P. V. Posnikov could not carry out this intention since it was directed as the diplomat to the Karlovitsky congress (he knew the Greek, Latin, Italian and French languages that caused its destiny as the diplomat). In 1701 P. V. Posnikov was enlisted by the first of the Russian doctors in the Pharmaceutical order, but he did not manage to show fully the abilities in medicine and the accumulated experience in business of training of doctors: in 1703 it was sent to Paris as the informal agent.
P. V. Posnikov became history of domestic science as the first Russian physiologist. There is an assumption that he was the first Russian microscopist.
Bibliography: Bidloo N. L. Manual for studying surgery in dissecting room, the lane with latinsk., e. 377, M., 1979; I. A Bull-calves. New materials for the biography of the first Russian doctor P. V. Postnikov (His letter to Peter the Great for 1695 and 1696), M., 1912; Koshtoyants X. C. Sketches on stories of physiology in Russia, M. — L., 1946; Russian D. M. Istoriya of general and domestic medicine and health care (996 — 1954), M., 1956; Tsvetaev D. Physicians in the Moscow Russia and the first Russian doctor, Warsaw, 1896; Shmurlo E. F. Several data for the biography P. V. Postnikova, Uchen. Zap. Yuryevsk. un-that, JSfc 1, page 72, 1894; Steiman I., P. V. Ro-snikov, pioneer russian physician, Canad. med Ass. J., v. 92, p. 615, 1965.
H. A. Oborin.