POLUNIN Alexey Ivanovich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

POLUNIN Alexey Ivanovich (1820 — 1888) — the domestic pathologist, the founder of the Moscow school of pathologists, professor (1849), honorary professor Moscow un-that (1879).

POLUNIN Alexey Ivanovich

Ended in 1842 medical f-t Moscow un-that. In 1848 protected dokt. the thesis devoted patol, anatomy, patol, physiology and clinic of cholera.

Since 1849 the manager. the Russia's first independent department of pathological anatomy and pathological physiology, from a cut in 1869 allocated department of the general pathology, and at the same time (1863 — 1878) dean medical f-that Moscow un-that.

A. I. Polunin for the first time described processes of healing at pulmonary tuberculosis, stated a hypothesis of a role of a stomach as the body emitting the substances promoting a hemopoiesis. The adherent of materialistic outlook, he urged to study a healthy and sick organism in unity with the environment. A. I. Polunin steadily emphasized importance for clinic patol, anatomy as a basis of understanding of origins of diseases, their current, outcomes; propagandized the klinikoanatomichesky direction patol, anatomy. For the first time in Russia (1858) translated and published twenty lectures P. Virkhova on cellular pathology.

A. I. Polunin was elected the secretary, and then the president (1867 — 1870) Moscow fiziko-medical about-va at Moscow un-those; edited and published the «Moscow medical magazine» (1851 — 1859) which played a big role in distribution of medical knowledge in Russia.

Works: Reasoning on cholera, M., 1848; The Report on a research of the dead in hospital clinic of imperial Moscow university, Mosk. doctor, zhurn., t. 5, book 1-2, page 39, 1851; Introduction to pathology, in the same place, book 1-2, page 10, 1852; About the relations in which there is an anatomy, physiology, pathology and therapy in medical practice, in the same place, of book 1, page 14, 1853; About ways of treatment which were offered at various times, and about fight between modern doctors by empiricists and doctors by rational, in the same place, princes 1, page 1, 1854; Several words about salutary force of nature, in the same place, book 1, page 1, 1855; About some modern questions of science of life of the sick person, in the same place, book 3-4, page 183, 1856.

Bibliography: Piontkovsky I. A., A. I. Polunin, M., 1949; Serov V. V. 125 years to department of pathological anatomy of 1 Moscow medical institute of I. M. Sechenov (1849 — 1974), page 3, M., 1974; Strukov A. I., A. I. Polunin is an editor of the Moscow medical magazine, Arkh. patol., t. 18, century 5, page 94, 1956; Strukov A. I., B at-in and y l of au S.A. and To about d and l about in and I. M. Kafedra of pathological anatomy, in book: Sketches on stories 1st Mosk. medical in-that, under the editorship of V. V. Kovanov, page 262, M., 1959.

A. I. Strukov.